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Stakeholders’ Engagement on Nature-Based Solutions: A Systematic Literature Review

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Research Center for Tourism, Sustainability and Well-being, University of Algarve, Campus de Gambelas, 8000 Faro, Portugal
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Center for Advanced Studies in Management and Economics, Faculty of Economics, University of Algarve, Campus de Gambelas, 8000 Faro, Portugal
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Research Center for Endogenous Resource Valorization, Polytechnic Institute of Portalegre (IPP), 7300-110 Portalegre, Portugal
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Mediterranean Institute for Agriculture, Environment and Development, FCT, University of Algarve, Campus of Gambelas, 8000 Faro, Portugal
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(2), 640; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12020640
Received: 30 November 2019 / Revised: 5 January 2020 / Accepted: 9 January 2020 / Published: 15 January 2020
Cities are facing a broad range of social and environmental challenges due to the current pressure of global urbanization. Nature-based solutions aim to utilize green infrastructure to improve people’s health and wellbeing. The design of urban environments must embrace the individual ideals of citizens and stakeholders which can only be achieved if effective methods of communication, involvement, and feedback are ensured. Such a procedure creates trust during its implementation, helping to take ownership and stewardship of processes and sites. This systematic literature review explores the current state of the art regarding citizen and stakeholder participation in nature-based solutions (NBS). The search on the SCOPUS database identified 142 papers in total that met the inclusion criteria. The participation analysis was separated in two areas: (a) analysis of perceptions, preferences, and perspectives of citizens and stakeholders, and (b) analysis of the participation process, including challenges and opportunities, motivations, methods and frameworks, and collaborative governance. The results revealed that stakeholder and citizen participation or collaboration in nature-based solutions is increasingly recognized as promising; however, research in several related domains is still lacking. View Full-Text
Keywords: nature-based solutions; green infrastructure; stakeholder participation; collaborative governance; urban sustainability; citizen perceptions nature-based solutions; green infrastructure; stakeholder participation; collaborative governance; urban sustainability; citizen perceptions
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ferreira, V.; Barreira, A.P.; Loures, L.; Antunes, D.; Panagopoulos, T. Stakeholders’ Engagement on Nature-Based Solutions: A Systematic Literature Review. Sustainability 2020, 12, 640.

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