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Article

Glyphosate Use in the European Agricultural Sector and a Framework for Its Further Monitoring

1
Sytra, Earth and Life Institute, Université catholique de Louvain, 1348 Ottignies-Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgique
2
Department of Agroecology, Aarhus University, DK-4200 Slagelse, Denmark
3
Agroécologie, AgroSup Dijon, INRAE, University of Bourgogne Franche-Comté, F-21000 Dijon, France
4
Institute for Plant Protection in Field Crops and Grassland, Julius Kühn-Institut (JKI), Messeweg 11-12, 38104 Braunschweig, Germany
5
Eco-Innov, INRAE, 78850 Thiverval-Grignon, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(14), 5682; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12145682
Received: 18 June 2020 / Revised: 4 July 2020 / Accepted: 8 July 2020 / Published: 15 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Environmental and Economic Performance of Farming and Food Systems)
Monitoring pesticide use is essential for assessing farming practices and the risks associated with the use of pesticides. Currently, there are neither consolidated, public data available on glyphosate use in Europe, nor a standardized categorization of its major uses. In this study, data on glyphosate sales and use in Europe were collected from multiple sources and compiled into a dataset of the agricultural use of glyphosate from 2013 to 2017. The survey shows that glyphosate represented 33% of the herbicide volume sold in Europe in 2017. One third of the acreage of annual cropping systems and half of the acreage of perennial tree crops received glyphosate annually. Glyphosate is widely used for at least eight agronomic purposes, including weed control, crop desiccation, terminating cover crops, terminating temporary grassland and renewing permanent grassland. Glyphosate use can be classified into occasional uses—i.e., exceptional applications, triggered by meteorological conditions or specific farm constraints—and recurrent uses, which are widespread practices that are embedded in farming systems and for which other agronomic solutions may exist but are not frequently used. This article proposes a framework for the precise monitoring of glyphosate use, based on the identification of the cropping systems in which glyphosate is used, the agronomic purposes for which it is employed, the dose used and the rationale behind the different uses. View Full-Text
Keywords: agriculture; glyphosate; herbicide; pesticide use; pesticide dependency; EU agriculture; glyphosate; herbicide; pesticide use; pesticide dependency; EU
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MDPI and ACS Style

Antier, C.; Kudsk, P.; Reboud, X.; Ulber, L.; Baret, P.V.; Messéan, A. Glyphosate Use in the European Agricultural Sector and a Framework for Its Further Monitoring. Sustainability 2020, 12, 5682. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12145682

AMA Style

Antier C, Kudsk P, Reboud X, Ulber L, Baret PV, Messéan A. Glyphosate Use in the European Agricultural Sector and a Framework for Its Further Monitoring. Sustainability. 2020; 12(14):5682. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12145682

Chicago/Turabian Style

Antier, Clémentine, Per Kudsk, Xavier Reboud, Lena Ulber, Philippe V. Baret, and Antoine Messéan. 2020. "Glyphosate Use in the European Agricultural Sector and a Framework for Its Further Monitoring" Sustainability 12, no. 14: 5682. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12145682

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