Next Article in Journal
The Revaluation of Uninhabited Popular Patrimony under Environmental and Sustainability Parameters
Next Article in Special Issue
Multi-Physics Analysis for Rubber-Cement Applications in Building and Architectural Fields: A Preliminary Analysis
Previous Article in Journal
Practical Application of the Galerkin Finite Element Method with a Mass Conservation Scheme under Dirichlet Boundary Conditions to Solve Groundwater Problems
Previous Article in Special Issue
A Modular Approach for Steel Reinforcing of 3D Printed Concrete—Preliminary Study
Open AccessReview

Fresh and Hardened Properties of Extrusion-Based 3D-Printed Cementitious Materials: A Review

1
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
2
School of Civil Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150090, China
3
Department of Civil, Construction, and Environmental Engineering, The University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131, USA
4
Department of Architecture Engineering, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
5
Department of Architecture, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
6
School of Engineering Design, Technology, and Professional Programs, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(14), 5628; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12145628
Received: 17 June 2020 / Revised: 8 July 2020 / Accepted: 10 July 2020 / Published: 13 July 2020
3D-printing of cementitious materials is an innovative construction approach with which building elements can be constructed without the use of formwork. Despite potential benefits in the construction industry, it introduces various engineering challenges from the material point of view. This paper reviews the properties of extrusion-based 3D-printed cementitious materials in both fresh and hardened states. Four main properties of fresh-state printing materials are addressed: flowability, extrudability, buildability, and open time, along with hardened properties, including density, compressive strength, flexural strength, tensile bond strength, shrinkage, and cracking. Experimental testing and effective factors of each property are covered, and a mix design procedure is proposed. The main objective of this paper is to provide an overview of the recent development in 3D-printing of cementitious materials and to identify the research gaps that need further investigation. View Full-Text
Keywords: 3D-printing; additive manufacturing; cementitious materials; fresh properties; hardened properties; mix design 3D-printing; additive manufacturing; cementitious materials; fresh properties; hardened properties; mix design
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Li, Z.; Hojati, M.; Wu, Z.; Piasente, J.; Ashrafi, N.; Duarte, J.P.; Nazarian, S.; Bilén, S.G.; Memari, A.M.; Radlińska, A. Fresh and Hardened Properties of Extrusion-Based 3D-Printed Cementitious Materials: A Review. Sustainability 2020, 12, 5628. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12145628

AMA Style

Li Z, Hojati M, Wu Z, Piasente J, Ashrafi N, Duarte JP, Nazarian S, Bilén SG, Memari AM, Radlińska A. Fresh and Hardened Properties of Extrusion-Based 3D-Printed Cementitious Materials: A Review. Sustainability. 2020; 12(14):5628. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12145628

Chicago/Turabian Style

Li, Zhanzhao; Hojati, Maryam; Wu, Zhengyu; Piasente, Jonathon; Ashrafi, Negar; Duarte, José P.; Nazarian, Shadi; Bilén, Sven G.; Memari, Ali M.; Radlińska, Aleksandra. 2020. "Fresh and Hardened Properties of Extrusion-Based 3D-Printed Cementitious Materials: A Review" Sustainability 12, no. 14: 5628. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12145628

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop