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Open AccessArticle

A Research and Innovation Agenda for Zero-Emission European Cities

1
Unit of Energy Systems Analysis, KTH—Royal Institute of Technology, 114 28 Stockholm, Sweden
2
Payne Institute, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO 80401, USA
3
TNO Strategic Analysis and Policy, NL-2509 Den Haag, The Netherlands
4
Section of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Renewable Energy Systems group, Institute of Environmental Sciences, University of Geneva, CH-1211 Geneva, Switzerland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(6), 1692; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11061692
Received: 18 January 2019 / Revised: 19 March 2019 / Accepted: 19 March 2019 / Published: 20 March 2019
The Paris Agreement and SDG13 on Climate Action require a global drop in Green House Gases (GHG) emissions to stay within a “well below 2 degrees” climate change trajectory. Cities will play a key role in achieving this, being responsible for 60 to 80% of the global GHG emissions depending on the estimate. This paper describes how Research and Innovation (R&I) can play a key role in decarbonizing European cities, and the role that research and education institutions can play in that regard. The paper highlights critical R&I actions in cities based on three pillars: (1) innovative technology and integration, (2) governance innovation, and (3) social innovation. Further, the research needed to harmonize climate mitigation and adaptation in cities are investigated. View Full-Text
Keywords: cities´ decarbonization; European Union; zero carbon cities; smart cities; circular economy; governance; social innovation cities´ decarbonization; European Union; zero carbon cities; smart cities; circular economy; governance; social innovation
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Fuso Nerini, F.; Slob, A.; Ericsdotter Engström, R.; Trutnevyte, E. A Research and Innovation Agenda for Zero-Emission European Cities. Sustainability 2019, 11, 1692.

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