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New Dimensions for Circularity on Campus—Framework for the Application of Circular Principles in Campus Development

Independent Researcher, Stadsruim BV, 2613 EB Delft, The Netherlands
Faculty of Architecture and the Built Environment, Delft University of Technology, 2628 BL Delft, The Netherlands
Amsterdam Institute for Advanced Metropolitan Solutions, 1018 JA Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(3), 627;
Received: 29 November 2018 / Revised: 16 January 2019 / Accepted: 22 January 2019 / Published: 24 January 2019
PDF [6601 KB, uploaded 28 January 2019]


To what extent can transformation and development processes on a university or other campus fit in with the principles of circularity? This paper builds a bridge between the more theoretical approach of the circular economy and daily practice in campus development, using semi-structured in-depth interviews with a broad range of stakeholders in university management in Dutch universities. The study aims to show possible perspectives and offers insight into which factors are important for the sustainable development of a university or other campus, taking into account the principles of the circular economy. The paper introduces a framework for understanding the various dimensions and scales of campus operations. The aim is to make a practical contribution to the implementation of circular principles in campus development. The main conclusions are that circularity is an organisational issue, complexity must be reduced, and integral policy and specialised knowledge are required. Five recommendations towards an integrated strategy for circularity in campus development are given. View Full-Text
Keywords: area development; campus development; circularity; circular economy; sustainability area development; campus development; circularity; circular economy; sustainability

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Hopff, B.; Nijhuis, S.; Verhoef, L.A. New Dimensions for Circularity on Campus—Framework for the Application of Circular Principles in Campus Development. Sustainability 2019, 11, 627.

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