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Spatial Analysis of Pottery Presence at the Former Pobedim Hillfort (an Archeological Site in Slovakia)

1
Department of Geography and Regional Development, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Constantine the Philosopher University in Nitra, 94974 Nitra, Slovakia
2
Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Constantine the Philosopher University in Nitra, 94974 Nitra, Slovakia
3
Institute of Archaeology, Slovak Academy of Sciences, 94921 Nitra, Slovakia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(23), 6873; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11236873
Received: 5 November 2019 / Revised: 30 November 2019 / Accepted: 2 December 2019 / Published: 3 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainability of Culture and Heritage)
The aim of this study was a spatial analysis of the pottery occurrence (potsherds) in the acropolis part of the Pobedim hillfort (Slovakia) using two spatial statistical methods (spatial autocorrelation and kriging interpolation) with the help of GIS and their subsequent comparison. To understand the landscape of the study area, seven land use maps were created for different historical years (1783–1785, 1845, 1882, 1956, 1971, 2010 and 2017) confirming that the study area was predominantly utilized as arable land, which was related to advantageous floodplain location between the rivers of Horný Dudváh and Dubová. Using the Moran coefficient of spatial autocorrelation, it was found that there were seven high–high clusters and three high–low clusters representing the occurrence of potsherds. Using the kriging interpolation, three clusters of high concentration were found. Subsequent comparison of both methods revealed three identical areas with high frequency of pottery occurrence indicating places where significant settlement objects were located, such as the dwelling of a wealthy man, pottery workshop and the like. The difference between the areas with high number of potsherds between the two methods is approximately 12%, which indicates an acceptable match between the two methods and their applicability for spatial (geographic)–archaeological research. View Full-Text
Keywords: spatial analysis; spatial autocorrelation; kriging interpolation; GIS; archeological site; pottery; Slovakia spatial analysis; spatial autocorrelation; kriging interpolation; GIS; archeological site; pottery; Slovakia
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Vojteková, J.; Vojtek, M.; Tirpáková, A.; Vlkolinská, I. Spatial Analysis of Pottery Presence at the Former Pobedim Hillfort (an Archeological Site in Slovakia). Sustainability 2019, 11, 6873.

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