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Open AccessArticle

Ecological Environment Vulnerability and Driving Force of Yangtze River Urban Agglomeration

1
Binjiang College, Nanjing University of Information Science & Technology, Wuxi 214105, China
2
School of Management Science and Engineering, Nanjing University of Information Science & Technology, Nanjing 210044, China
3
School of Business, Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, Nanjing 210044, China
4
Department of Mathematics and Computer Science, University of North Carolina at Pembroke, Pembroke, NC 28372, USA
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(23), 6623; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11236623
Received: 15 September 2019 / Revised: 19 November 2019 / Accepted: 21 November 2019 / Published: 23 November 2019
The vulnerability of ecological environment threatens social and economic development. Recent studies failed to reveal the driving mechanism behind it, and there is little analysis on the spatial clustering characteristics of the vulnerability of urban agglomerations. Therefore, this article estimates ecological environment vulnerability in 2005, 2011, and 2017, determines Moran Index (MI) with spatial autocorrelation model, analyzes the spatial-temporal difference characteristics of ecological environment vulnerability of Yangtze River Urban Agglomeration and the spatial aggregation effect, and discusses its driving factors. The study results estimate that the overall vulnerability index of the Yangtze River Urban Agglomeration is in a mild fragile state. However, most fragile and slightly fragile cities are developing in the direction of moderate to severe vulnerability. The spatial agglomeration effect of the ecological environment vulnerability of the Yangtze River Urban Agglomeration is not obvious, and the effect of mutual ecological environment influence among cities is not obvious. Moreover, the driving factors of ecological environment vulnerability of Yangtze River city group changed from natural factors to social economic factors and then to policy factors. It is necessary to develop an ecological economy, coordinate the spatial agglomeration of urban agglomerations, and make balance the internal differences of urban agglomerations. View Full-Text
Keywords: ecological security; driving force; yangtze river urban agglomeration ecological security; driving force; yangtze river urban agglomeration
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MDPI and ACS Style

Peng, B.; Huang, Q.; Elahi, E.; Wei, G. Ecological Environment Vulnerability and Driving Force of Yangtze River Urban Agglomeration. Sustainability 2019, 11, 6623. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11236623

AMA Style

Peng B, Huang Q, Elahi E, Wei G. Ecological Environment Vulnerability and Driving Force of Yangtze River Urban Agglomeration. Sustainability. 2019; 11(23):6623. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11236623

Chicago/Turabian Style

Peng, Benhong; Huang, Qianqian; Elahi, Ehsan; Wei, Guo. 2019. "Ecological Environment Vulnerability and Driving Force of Yangtze River Urban Agglomeration" Sustainability 11, no. 23: 6623. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11236623

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