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Open AccessArticle

Planning Nature-Based Solutions for Urban Flood Reduction and Thermal Comfort Enhancement

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IHE Delft, Institute for Water Education, Westvest 7, 2611 AX Delft, The Netherlands
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School of Engineering and Technology, Asian Institute of Technology, P.O. Box 4 Klong Luang, Pathumthani 12120, Thailand
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College of Engineering, Mathematics and Physics, University of Exeter, Exeter EX4 4QF, UK
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Faculty of Civil Engineering, Department of Hydraulic and Environmental Engineering, University of Belgrade, Bulevar kralja Aleksandra 73, 11000 Beograd, Serbia
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Hydro and Agro Informatics Institute (HAII), Khwaeng Thanon Phaya Thai, Khet Ratchathewi, Krung Thep Maha Nakhon, Bangkok 10400, Thailand
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NoorderRuimte, Centre of Applied Research and Innovation on Area Development, Hanze University of Applied Sciences, Zernikeplein 7, P.O. Box 3037, 9701 DA Groningen, The Netherlands
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TAUW, Zekeringstraat 43g, P.O. Box 20748, 1001 NS Amsterdam, The Netherlands
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Amsterdam University of Applied Sciences, Urban Technology, Weesperzijde 190, 1097 DZ Amsterdam, The Netherlands
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(22), 6361; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11226361
Received: 20 September 2019 / Revised: 25 October 2019 / Accepted: 29 October 2019 / Published: 12 November 2019
As a consequence of climate change and urbanization, many cities will have to deal with more flooding and extreme heat stress. This paper presents a framework to maximize the effectiveness of Nature-Based Solutions (NBS) for flood risk reduction and thermal comfort enhancement. The framework involves an assessment of hazards with the use of models and field measurements. It also detects suitable implementation sites for NBS and quantifies their effectiveness for thermal comfort enhancement and flood risk reduction. The framework was applied in a densely urbanized study area, for which different small-scale urban NBS and their potential locations for implementation were assessed. The overall results show that the most effective performance in terms of flood mitigation and thermal comfort enhancement is likely achieved by applying a range of different measures at different locations. Therefore, the work presented here shows the potential of the framework to achieve an effective combination of measures and their locations, which was demonstrated on the case of the Sukhumvit area in Bangkok (Thailand). This can be particularly suitable for assessing and planning flood mitigation measures in combination with heat stress reduction. View Full-Text
Keywords: nature-based solutions; flood risk reduction; thermal comfort enhancement; microclimatic simulations; Mike Urban; ENVI-met nature-based solutions; flood risk reduction; thermal comfort enhancement; microclimatic simulations; Mike Urban; ENVI-met
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MDPI and ACS Style

Majidi, A.N.; Vojinovic, Z.; Alves, A.; Weesakul, S.; Sanchez, A.; Boogaard, F.; Kluck, J. Planning Nature-Based Solutions for Urban Flood Reduction and Thermal Comfort Enhancement. Sustainability 2019, 11, 6361.

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