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Open AccessArticle

Mining and Local Economies: Dilemma between Environmental Protection and Job Opportunities

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Department of Economics and Business, University of Sassari, via Muroni 25, 07100 Sassari, Italy
2
Department of Political and International Sciences, University of Siena, via P.A. Mattioli 10, 53100 Siena, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(22), 6244; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11226244
Received: 24 July 2019 / Revised: 5 November 2019 / Accepted: 6 November 2019 / Published: 7 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dealing with Environmental Conflicts)
Mining areas often experience a climate of social tension due to the potential trade-off between expected employment impact and concerns for environmental damage. We address this topic from a theoretical perspective that, unlike most empirical research, includes medium-term dynamics. We developed a two-sector dynamic model that provides a new way to identify differences among mining regions in terms of conflict risk, local development, and welfare. There are critical points in the natural-resource base of local nonmining activities and in the pollution rate of mining operations, which determine the type of dynamics and its welfare outcomes due to the opening up of the economy to mining investment. Pollution control is a sine qua non for welfare gains despite new job opportunities in the mining sector. View Full-Text
Keywords: environmental externalities; mining investments; resource-based regions; local development environmental externalities; mining investments; resource-based regions; local development
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MDPI and ACS Style

Antoci, A.; Russu, P.; Ticci, E. Mining and Local Economies: Dilemma between Environmental Protection and Job Opportunities. Sustainability 2019, 11, 6244.

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