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Open AccessArticle

Sustainable Hydroelectric Dam Management in the Context of Climate Change: Case of the Taabo Dam in Côte D’Ivoire, West Africa

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LAPAMF-African Centre of Excellence on Climate Change, Biodiversity and Sustainable Development, Université Félix Houphouët Boigny, 22 B.P. 582 Abidjan 22, Côte D’Ivoire
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UFR-Environnement, Université Jean Lorougnon GUEDE, BP 150 Daloa, Côte D’Ivoire
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Univ. Grenoble Alpes, IRD, CNRS, Grenoble INP Institute of Engineering University Grenoble Alpes, IGE, 38000 Grenoble, France
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Univ. Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, IRD, Grenoble INP Institute of Engineering University Grenoble Alpes, IGE, 38000 Grenoble, France
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Ecole Centrale de Lyon, 36 Avenue Guy de Collongue, 69134 Lyon, France
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Ivory Coast National Company of Electricity (CIE), 01 BP 6923 Abidjan 01, Côte D’Ivoire
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(18), 4846; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11184846
Received: 8 August 2019 / Revised: 26 August 2019 / Accepted: 29 August 2019 / Published: 5 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Energy Sustainability)
Management of hydroelectric dams is an aspect of sustainability that comes with resolving problems locally. The use of global indicators has not been a sustainable solution, thus the need for local indicators. Besides, current sustainability assessment tools lack the integration of climate, making assessments in a climate change context impossible. In this paper, we present management and sustainability assessment in a climate change context using sustainability indicators. We modeled a change in the climate using normal, moderate, and extreme climate conditions defined by Standardized Precipitation Indices (SPI) values. Out of 36 years analyzed, 24 years fall in the near-normal climate regime, and the remaining 12 years in moderate and extreme conditions, making near-normal climate regime the basis for managing the Taabo Dam. The impact of climate, techno-economic, and socio-environmental indicators on sustainability were investigated, and the results were analyzed according to scenarios. Climate adaptation shows higher sustainability indices than techno-economic and socio-environmental scenarios. Probability matrices show high and low values, respectively, for environmental and flooding indicators. Risk matrices, on the other hand, show that even with small probability values, risks still exist, and such small probabilities should not be taken as an absence of risk. The study reveals that sustainability can be improved by integrating climate into existing assessment methods. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainability; indicators; Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI); multi-criteria decision analysis; Aggregated Preference Indices System (APIS); sustainability index; climate change sustainability; indicators; Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI); multi-criteria decision analysis; Aggregated Preference Indices System (APIS); sustainability index; climate change
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MDPI and ACS Style

Mortey, E.M.; Kouassi, K.L.; Diedhiou, A.; Anquetin, S.; Genoud, M.; Hingray, B.; Kouame, D.G.M. Sustainable Hydroelectric Dam Management in the Context of Climate Change: Case of the Taabo Dam in Côte D’Ivoire, West Africa. Sustainability 2019, 11, 4846. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11184846

AMA Style

Mortey EM, Kouassi KL, Diedhiou A, Anquetin S, Genoud M, Hingray B, Kouame DGM. Sustainable Hydroelectric Dam Management in the Context of Climate Change: Case of the Taabo Dam in Côte D’Ivoire, West Africa. Sustainability. 2019; 11(18):4846. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11184846

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mortey, Eric M.; Kouassi, Kouakou L.; Diedhiou, Arona; Anquetin, Sandrine; Genoud, Mathieu; Hingray, Benoit; Kouame, Didier G.M. 2019. "Sustainable Hydroelectric Dam Management in the Context of Climate Change: Case of the Taabo Dam in Côte D’Ivoire, West Africa" Sustainability 11, no. 18: 4846. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11184846

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