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Open AccessArticle

Quantitative Assessment of Environmental Soil Functions in Volcanic Zones from Mexico Using S&E Software

Center for Research in Environmental Geography, National Autonomous University of Mexico, Morelia, Michoacán 58190, Mexico
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Sustainability 2019, 11(17), 4552; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11174552
Received: 29 May 2019 / Revised: 15 August 2019 / Accepted: 18 August 2019 / Published: 22 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Selected Papers from "Soil Security and Planetary Health Conference")
Making quantitative evaluations of the environmental functions of the soil in a quantitative way is an urgent necessity for transitioning towards the sustainable use of soils. The objective of this work was to use and improve the Soil and Environment software for soils of volcanic areas, for which the software was not designed to work on. The study was conducted in the volcanic area of Michoacan, Mexico. Nine soil profiles were described; samples were taken from each horizon and the physical and chemical properties of each sample were analyzed. The Soil and Environment software was used to conduct pedoecological evaluations of the soil samples and, subsequently, an evaluation of the environmental functions of the soils and the modeling of scenarios was carried out. The soil profiles studied showed variable properties of hydraulic conductivity, field capacity, air capacity, effective cation exchange capacity, and soil organic carbon. The soils showed very high nutrient retention, high naturalness and sorption of heavy metals, and low cultural and natural archive properties. The Soil and Environment software generally works well with soils of volcanic areas; however, we suggest improvements in the evaluation method of the following functions: naturalness and agricultural quality. Additionally, the estimating method of aeration capacity and hydraulic conductivity should be calibrated for the properties of the volcanic soils. The modeling of scenarios allowed us to identify the soil profiles that are most vulnerable to degradation. The modeling of scenarios provided a clear idea of the negative and positive effects that a change in soil use would have. View Full-Text
Keywords: soils; software; ecological services; soil degradation models; soil conservation models soils; software; ecological services; soil degradation models; soil conservation models
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MDPI and ACS Style

Gallegos, Á.; López-Carmona, D.; Bautista, F. Quantitative Assessment of Environmental Soil Functions in Volcanic Zones from Mexico Using S&E Software. Sustainability 2019, 11, 4552. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11174552

AMA Style

Gallegos Á, López-Carmona D, Bautista F. Quantitative Assessment of Environmental Soil Functions in Volcanic Zones from Mexico Using S&E Software. Sustainability. 2019; 11(17):4552. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11174552

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gallegos, Ángeles; López-Carmona, Dante; Bautista, Francisco. 2019. "Quantitative Assessment of Environmental Soil Functions in Volcanic Zones from Mexico Using S&E Software" Sustainability 11, no. 17: 4552. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11174552

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