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Open AccessArticle

Roadmap for Valuing Soil Ecosystem Services to Inform Multi-Level Decision-Making in Agriculture

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AgriFood Economics Centre, Department of Economics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), 220 07 Lund, Sweden
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Centre for Environmental and Climate Research (CEC), Lund University, 223 62 Lund, Sweden
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European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC), 41092 Seville, Spain
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AgriFood Economics Centre, Lund University, 220 07 Lund, Sweden
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Department of Biology, Lund University, 223 62 Lund, Sweden
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(19), 5285; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11195285
Received: 31 May 2019 / Revised: 22 September 2019 / Accepted: 23 September 2019 / Published: 25 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Selected Papers from "Soil Security and Planetary Health Conference")
Agricultural soils contribute to human welfare through their generation of manifold ecosystem services such as food security, water quality and climate regulation, but these are degraded by common farming practices. We have developed a roadmap for evaluating the contribution of both private- and public-good ecosystem services generated by agricultural soils to societal welfare. The approach considers the needs of decision-makers at different levels, from farmers to policy-makers. This we achieve through combining production functions—to quantify the impacts of alternative management practices on agricultural productivity and soil ecosystem services—with non-market valuation of changes in public-good ecosystem services and benefit–cost analysis. The results show that the net present value to society of implementing soil-friendly measures are substantial, but negative for farmers in our study region. Although we apply our roadmap to an intensive farming region in Sweden, we believe our results have broad applicability, because farmers do not usually account for the value of public-good ecosystem services. We therefore conclude that market outcomes are not likely to be generating optimal levels of soil ecosystem services from society’s perspective. Innovative governance institutions are needed to resolve this market failure to safeguard the welfare of future generations. View Full-Text
Keywords: natural capital; soil carbon; policy; valuation; climate change; food security; nutrient retention; benefit-cost analysis natural capital; soil carbon; policy; valuation; climate change; food security; nutrient retention; benefit-cost analysis
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Brady, M.V.; Hristov, J.; Wilhelmsson, F.; Hedlund, K. Roadmap for Valuing Soil Ecosystem Services to Inform Multi-Level Decision-Making in Agriculture. Sustainability 2019, 11, 5285.

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