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Open AccessArticle

In Which Time Slots Can People Save Power? An Analysis Using a Japanese Survey on Time Use

1
The Japan Institute for Labour Policy and Training 4-8-23, Kamishakujii, Nerimaku, Tokyo 177-8502, Japan
2
Faculty of Social Sciences, Waseda University 1-6-1, Nishiwaseda Shinjyuku, Tokyo 169-8050, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(16), 4444; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11164444
Received: 10 June 2019 / Revised: 7 August 2019 / Accepted: 13 August 2019 / Published: 16 August 2019
Residential demand-side management (DSM) of electricity has been gaining attention as a way to reduce energy consumption at home and as a way of maximizing the utilization of fluctuating solar power generation. To promote the smooth introduction of DSM into homes, power usage trends according to the time of the day should be examined for individuals in relation to their lifestyles. The analyses of power usage trends can identify the types of home appliances that should be utilized differently in order to increase energy efficiency. Such analyses can also predict the individual behavioral changes that should result in home appliances being used in the time slots in which solar power is more conveniently available. The purpose of this research was to estimate and observe the amount of power saving potential for each daily time slot with respect to an individual’s particular attributes, and to derive the power saving potential of the whole country by accumulating these data on individuals. This was achieved by using the Survey on Time Use and Leisure Activities (STULA) and Energy-Saving Performance Catalog (ESPC) in Japan. According to the results of our estimation, a meaningful power saving potential is sufficient to address a power supply shortage after a disaster such as an earthquake. It is possible to save power by replacing existing home appliances with more energy efficient ones, by making environmentally conscious choices when using home appliances, and by discontinuing the use of home appliances during electricity shortages within the community as a whole. Using the estimated power saving potentials, we examined the effects of two DSMs: (1) adjusting the time for which home appliances are used; and (2) aggregating the power demand of households with different attributes. The results showed that these DSMs would contribute to a more stable power system operation. Future research might address the rapid penetration of community energy management systems and demand response systems. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainable energy; power saving potential; demand side management; Survey on Time Use and Leisure Activities; time slot sustainable energy; power saving potential; demand side management; Survey on Time Use and Leisure Activities; time slot
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Nakano, S.; Washizu, A. In Which Time Slots Can People Save Power? An Analysis Using a Japanese Survey on Time Use. Sustainability 2019, 11, 4444.

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