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Article

Urban Shrinkage and Sustainability: Assessing the Nexus between Population Density, Urban Structures and Urban Sustainability

Department of Human Geography and Regional Development, Faculty of Science, University of Ostrava, 709 00 Ostrava, Czech Republic
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Sustainability 2019, 11(15), 4142; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11154142
Received: 30 June 2019 / Revised: 19 July 2019 / Accepted: 29 July 2019 / Published: 1 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Shrinking Cities—Testing Ground for Sustainability)
Urban shrinkage has become a common pathway (not only) in post-socialist cities, which represents new challenges for traditionally growth-oriented spatial planning. Though in the post-socialist area, the situation is even worse due to prevailing weak planning culture and resulting uncoordinated development. The case of the city of Ostrava illustrates how the problem of (in)efficient infrastructure operation, and maintenance, in already fragmented urban structure is exacerbated by the growing size of urban area (through low-intensity land-use) in combination with declining size of population (due to high rate of outmigration). Shrinkage, however, is, on the intra-urban level, spatially differentiated. Population, paradoxically, most intensively declines in the least financially demanding land-uses and grows in the most expensive land-uses for public administration. As population and urban structure development prove to have strong inertia, this land-use development constitutes a great challenge for a city’s future sustainability. The main objective of the paper is to explore the nexus between change in population density patterns in relation to urban shrinkage, and sustainability of public finance. View Full-Text
Keywords: Shrinking city; Ostrava; sustainability; population density; built-up area; housing Shrinking city; Ostrava; sustainability; population density; built-up area; housing
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MDPI and ACS Style

Slach, O.; Bosák, V.; Krtička, L.; Nováček, A.; Rumpel, P. Urban Shrinkage and Sustainability: Assessing the Nexus between Population Density, Urban Structures and Urban Sustainability. Sustainability 2019, 11, 4142. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11154142

AMA Style

Slach O, Bosák V, Krtička L, Nováček A, Rumpel P. Urban Shrinkage and Sustainability: Assessing the Nexus between Population Density, Urban Structures and Urban Sustainability. Sustainability. 2019; 11(15):4142. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11154142

Chicago/Turabian Style

Slach, Ondřej, Vojtěch Bosák, Luděk Krtička, Alexandr Nováček, and Petr Rumpel. 2019. "Urban Shrinkage and Sustainability: Assessing the Nexus between Population Density, Urban Structures and Urban Sustainability" Sustainability 11, no. 15: 4142. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11154142

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