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Review

Environmental Sustainability: A Review of Termite Mound Soil Material and Its Bacteria

Food Security and Safety Niche, Faculty of Natural and Agricultural Sciences, North-West University, Private Mail Bag X2046, Mmabatho 2735, South Africa
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Sustainability 2019, 11(14), 3847; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11143847
Received: 30 May 2019 / Revised: 25 June 2019 / Accepted: 4 July 2019 / Published: 15 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Environmental Sustainability and Applications)
The high quantity of nutrients accumulated in termite mound soils have placed termite mound as a ‘gold mine’ for bacteria concentrations. However, over the years, not much attention has been given to the bacteria present in termite mound soil. This is because many studies have focused on approaches to manage termites which they see as menace to agricultural crops and buildings. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the potential application of termite mound soil material and its bacteria for biotechnological purposes. This review has been grouped into four key parts: The termite mound as hotspot for bacterial concentration, the degradation of lignocellulose for biofuel production, termite mound soil as a soil amendment, and the role of termite mound soil and its bacteria in bioremediation and bio-filtration. Therefore, the effective usage of the termite mound soil material and its bacteria in an ecofriendly manner could ensure environmental sustainability. View Full-Text
Keywords: biofuel; bioremediation; heavy metal; healthy environment; soil nutrient biofuel; bioremediation; heavy metal; healthy environment; soil nutrient
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MDPI and ACS Style

Enagbonma, B.J.; Babalola, O.O. Environmental Sustainability: A Review of Termite Mound Soil Material and Its Bacteria. Sustainability 2019, 11, 3847. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11143847

AMA Style

Enagbonma BJ, Babalola OO. Environmental Sustainability: A Review of Termite Mound Soil Material and Its Bacteria. Sustainability. 2019; 11(14):3847. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11143847

Chicago/Turabian Style

Enagbonma, Ben J., and Olubukola O. Babalola 2019. "Environmental Sustainability: A Review of Termite Mound Soil Material and Its Bacteria" Sustainability 11, no. 14: 3847. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11143847

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