Next Article in Journal
Environmental Sustainability: A Review of Termite Mound Soil Material and Its Bacteria
Previous Article in Journal
The Three Musketeers Relationships between Hong Kong, Shanghai and Shenzhen Before and After Shanghai–Hong Kong Stock Connect
Previous Article in Special Issue
Life Cycle Assessment of a Combined-Cycle Gas Turbine with a Focus on the Chemicals Used in Water Conditioning
Review

Review of Methodological Choices in LCA-Based Textile and Apparel Rating Tools: Key Issues and Recommendations Relating to Assessment of Fabrics Made From Natural Fibre Types

Integrity Ag & Environment, 10511 New England Highway, Highfields QLD 4352, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(14), 3846; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11143846
Received: 26 April 2019 / Revised: 19 June 2019 / Accepted: 10 July 2019 / Published: 15 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Environmental Life Cycle Assessment)
Life cycle assessment (LCA) is a key tool for determining environmental impacts for textiles and apparel and is the basis for the publicly available Higg Material Sustainability Index (MSI) developed by the Sustainable Apparel Coalition (SAC). This paper reviews and evaluates the Higg MSI with respect to rating of fabrics made from natural fibre types, with the aim of providing a constructive analysis of methodological issues identified by comparison with the International Standards and LCA guidelines. The major issues identified by the review were: (1) lack of sufficient guidance for comparative analysis and public disclosure; (2) incomplete system boundaries and the choice of functional unit; (3) the choice of attributional LCA methods and variable methods applied for handling multi-functionality; (4) use of generalised data and small datasets, without reported sensitivity or uncertainty; (5) exclusion of important impact categories, choice of LCIA methods and lack of coverage of non-LCA assessed issues; and (6) the choice of the weighting and normalisation approach. This review found that the provision of, and adherence to the appropriate standards and best practice in LCA would rectify most of these issues. To achieve the laudable aims of the Higg MSI, further development and refinement is needed to ensure robust information is provided to improve the sustainability of textiles. View Full-Text
Keywords: Sustainable Apparel Coalition; Higg MSI; Product Environmental Footprint; PEF; LCA; textile; apparel; environmental rating tool Sustainable Apparel Coalition; Higg MSI; Product Environmental Footprint; PEF; LCA; textile; apparel; environmental rating tool
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Watson, K.J.; Wiedemann, S.G. Review of Methodological Choices in LCA-Based Textile and Apparel Rating Tools: Key Issues and Recommendations Relating to Assessment of Fabrics Made From Natural Fibre Types. Sustainability 2019, 11, 3846. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11143846

AMA Style

Watson KJ, Wiedemann SG. Review of Methodological Choices in LCA-Based Textile and Apparel Rating Tools: Key Issues and Recommendations Relating to Assessment of Fabrics Made From Natural Fibre Types. Sustainability. 2019; 11(14):3846. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11143846

Chicago/Turabian Style

Watson, K. J., and S. G. Wiedemann 2019. "Review of Methodological Choices in LCA-Based Textile and Apparel Rating Tools: Key Issues and Recommendations Relating to Assessment of Fabrics Made From Natural Fibre Types" Sustainability 11, no. 14: 3846. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11143846

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop