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Contribution of Public Playgrounds to Motor, Social, and Creative Development and Obesity Reduction in Children

1
Faculty of Education of Albacete, University of Castilla–La Mancha, 02071 Albacete, Spain
2
Faculty of Psychology, National Distance Education University (UNED), 28015 Madrid, Spain
3
Faculty of Education of Cuenca, University of Castilla–La Mancha, 16071 Cuenca, Spain
4
Albacete Balompié S.A.D., 02006 Albacete, Spain
5
School of Education, Polytechnic Institute of Viana do Castelo, 4901-908 Viana do Castelo, Portugal
6
Faculty of Law of Albacete, University of Castilla–La Mancha, 02071 Albacete, Spain
7
Faculty of Economic and Business Sciences of Albacete, University of Castilla–La Mancha, 02071 Albacete, Spain
8
Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Murcia, 30720 Murcia, Spain
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(14), 3787; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11143787
Received: 24 June 2019 / Revised: 8 July 2019 / Accepted: 9 July 2019 / Published: 10 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Education for Sustainability in Physical Education)
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Abstract

The objective of this work was to examine the perceptions of adults responsible for the care of children in their leisure time about the contribution of public playgrounds to motor, social, and creative development and obesity reduction in children, analyzing these perceptions according to sex, age, educational level, and level of involvement in the child’s education of the participants. The sample consisted of 1019 adults responsible for the care of children in their leisure time in Albacete (Spain). A validated questionnaire was the instrument used to assess perceptions of participants on the influence of the public playgrounds in motor, social, and creative development and obesity reduction of children. The instrument was validated on a first sample of convenience and had good reliability (α = 0.997) and construct validity (CFI = 0.997). The results showed that most participants agreed with the positive contribution of public playgrounds to social skills (78.8%), motor skills (53.7%), creativity (52.2%), and obesity reduction (48.8%) in children. Women, those between 30 and 49 years, those with a higher educational level and those with a higher level of involvement in the child’s education had more positive perceptions regarding the impact of public playgrounds to motor, social, and creative development and obesity reduction in children. These results should be taken in consideration to foster the use of public playgrounds in all sectors of population. View Full-Text
Keywords: outdoor learning; child development; public health; families outdoor learning; child development; public health; families
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Gil-Madrona, P.; Martínez-López, M.; Prieto-Ayuso, A.; Saraiva, L.; Vecina-Cifuentes, J.; Vicente-Ballesteros, T.; Moratilla-López, R.; López-Sánchez, G.F. Contribution of Public Playgrounds to Motor, Social, and Creative Development and Obesity Reduction in Children. Sustainability 2019, 11, 3787.

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