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Open AccessArticle

The Evolution of China’s International Aviation Markets from a Policy Perspective on Air Passenger Flows

by 1,2, 3,4,* and 5
1
Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
2
College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
3
School of Urban and Regional Science, East China Normal University, 500 Dongchuan Road, Minhang District, Shanghai 200241, China
4
The Center for Modern Chinese City Studies, East China Normal University, 3663 North Zhongshan Road, Putuo District, Shanghai 200062, China
5
Air Transport Institute, China Academy of Civil Aviation Science and Technology, Beijing 100028, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(13), 3566; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11133566
Received: 25 April 2019 / Revised: 23 June 2019 / Accepted: 24 June 2019 / Published: 28 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Human Geography and Social Sustainability)
China’s international air transportation has experienced tremendous growth and major reforms over the past two decades. While there has been a considerable discussion on the evolution of China’s domestic aviation market, studies on China’s international aviation markets have been limited. This paper first describes the historical development of China’s international aviation market and then, based on actual origin/destination (O/D) passenger flow data, explores the relevant evolution of China’s international air networks from the perspectives of the spatial distribution of international air networks and clustering characteristics of international air passengers. The development of China’s international aviation market can be attributable to the deregulation process in China’s aviation market and a broad “opening up” strategy in the global forum after 1990. Due to China’s proximity to East Asia and Southeast Asia, China’s international air networks show an obvious clustering pattern for short and medium-haul travel in Asia. In addition, average international air travel distance, institutional and policy changes, and increasing foreign trade and foreign tourism are crucial for the expansion of China’s international air networks. View Full-Text
Keywords: international aviation; passenger flows; air travel; development; evolution; policy regulation international aviation; passenger flows; air travel; development; evolution; policy regulation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, J.; Yang, H.; Wang, H. The Evolution of China’s International Aviation Markets from a Policy Perspective on Air Passenger Flows. Sustainability 2019, 11, 3566. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11133566

AMA Style

Wang J, Yang H, Wang H. The Evolution of China’s International Aviation Markets from a Policy Perspective on Air Passenger Flows. Sustainability. 2019; 11(13):3566. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11133566

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wang, Jiaoe; Yang, Haoran; Wang, Han. 2019. "The Evolution of China’s International Aviation Markets from a Policy Perspective on Air Passenger Flows" Sustainability 11, no. 13: 3566. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11133566

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