Next Article in Journal
University Contributions to the Circular Economy: Professing the Hidden Curriculum
Next Article in Special Issue
Study on Measurement of Green Productivity of Tourism in the Yangtze River Economic Zone, China
Previous Article in Journal
Grass-Legume Mixtures for Improved Soil Health in Cultivated Agroecosystem
Previous Article in Special Issue
Engaging in Pro-Environment Travel Behaviour Research from a Psycho-Social Perspective: A Review of Behavioural Variables and Theories
Open AccessArticle

Examining the Relationship between Household Vehicle Ownership and Ridesharing Behaviors in the United States

by 1,2 and 1,*
1
School of Management, Shandong University, Jinan 250100, China
2
Stern School of Business, New York University, New York, NY 10012, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2018, 10(8), 2720; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10082720
Received: 18 June 2018 / Revised: 30 July 2018 / Accepted: 31 July 2018 / Published: 2 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Travel Behaviour and Sustainable Transport of the Future)
To improve the sustainability and efficiency of transport systems, communities and government agencies throughout the United States (US) are looking for ways to reduce vehicle ownership and single-occupant trips by encouraging people to shift from driving to using more sustainable transport modes (such as ridesharing). Ridesharing is a cost-effective, sustainable and effective alternative transportation mode that is beneficial to the environment, the economy and society. Despite the potential effect of vehicle ownership on the adoption of ridesharing services, individuals’ ridesharing behaviors and the interdependencies between vehicle ownership and ridesharing usage are not well understood. This study aims to fill the gap by examining the associations between household vehicle ownership and the frequency and probability of ridesharing usage, and to estimate the effects of household vehicle ownership on individuals’ ridesharing usage in the US. We conducted zero-inflated negative binomial regression models using data from the 2017 National Household Travel Survey. The results show that, in general, one-vehicle reduction in households was significantly associated with a 7.9% increase in the frequency of ridesharing usage and a 23.0% increase in the probability of ridesharing usage. The effects of household vehicle ownership on the frequency of ridesharing usage are greater for those who live in areas with a higher population density than those living in areas with a lower population density. Young people, men, those who are unable to drive, individuals with high household income levels, and those who live in areas with rail service or a higher population density, tend to use ridesharing more frequently and are more likely to use it. These findings can be used as guides for planners or practitioners to better understand individuals’ ridesharing behaviors, and to identify policies and interventions to increase the potential of ridesharing usage, and to decrease household vehicle ownership, depending on different contextual features and demographic variables. Comprehensive strategies that limit vehicle ownership and address the increasing demand for ridesharing have the potential to improve the sustainability of transportation systems. View Full-Text
Keywords: ridesharing; household vehicle ownership; 2017 NHTS; United States; ZINB model ridesharing; household vehicle ownership; 2017 NHTS; United States; ZINB model
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, Y.; Zhang, Y. Examining the Relationship between Household Vehicle Ownership and Ridesharing Behaviors in the United States. Sustainability 2018, 10, 2720. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10082720

AMA Style

Zhang Y, Zhang Y. Examining the Relationship between Household Vehicle Ownership and Ridesharing Behaviors in the United States. Sustainability. 2018; 10(8):2720. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10082720

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zhang, Yuanyuan; Zhang, Yuming. 2018. "Examining the Relationship between Household Vehicle Ownership and Ridesharing Behaviors in the United States" Sustainability 10, no. 8: 2720. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10082720

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop