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Sustainability 2018, 10(7), 2344; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10072344

Systemic Sustainability of the French Organic Rice and PGI Einkorn Value Chains: A Preliminary Assessment Based on Network Analysis

1
Department of Economics and Social Sciences, Research Institute of Organic Agriculture (FiBL), 5070 Frick, Switzerland
2
UMR Innovation, CIRAD, University Montpellier, 34398 Montpellier, France
3
UMR ART-DEV, CIRAD, University Montpellier, 34398 Montpellier, France
4
UMR MOISA, CIRAD, University Montpellier, 34398 Montpellier, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 May 2018 / Revised: 28 June 2018 / Accepted: 3 July 2018 / Published: 6 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Agribusiness and Food Supply Chain)
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Abstract

Public authorities and consumers increasingly support food value chains that are more environmentally friendly. However, these value chains are faced with technical, economic and institutional limitations, calling into question their long-term viability. Based on two case studies of alternative food chains in France, namely einkorn (Triticum monococcum) in Haute Provence and organic rice in the Camargue, we evaluated their capacity to remain both viable and environmentally, economically and socially sustainable. After assessing the traditional economic, social and environmental performance of their sustainability, we performed a network analysis to determine the survivability of the systems. The combined use of the traditional pillars of sustainability and the network analysis forms what we term the systemic sustainability. Results suggest that the einkorn value chain is characterised by a high degree of centrality represented by a producers’ association, although the systemic sustainability of the chain is reduced by its dependence on a leading processor. As for the organic rice value chain, centralised power is exerted by three companies embedded in a strong network of actors characterised by diversified connections. The paper concludes by highlighting the potential interest of conducting a network analysis to better determine the sustainability of food value chains. View Full-Text
Keywords: systemic sustainability; survivability; food value chain; network of actors; organic rice; einkorn Monococcum systemic sustainability; survivability; food value chain; network of actors; organic rice; einkorn Monococcum
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Quiédeville, S.; Bassene, J.-B.; Lançon, F.; Chabrol, D.; Moustier, P. Systemic Sustainability of the French Organic Rice and PGI Einkorn Value Chains: A Preliminary Assessment Based on Network Analysis. Sustainability 2018, 10, 2344.

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