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Article

Statistical Assessment of Water Quality Issues in Hongze Lake, China, Related to the Operation of a Water Diversion Project

by 1,2, 2, 3,4, 1,* and 1,*
1
Co-Innovation Center for the Sustainable Forestry in Southern China, College of Biology and the Environment, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing 210037, China
2
Nanjing Institute of Environmental Sciences, Ministry of Environmental Protection of China, Nanjing 210042, China
3
Key Laboratory of Soil Environment and Pollution Remediation, Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, China
4
University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2018, 10(6), 1885; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10061885
Received: 29 April 2018 / Revised: 23 May 2018 / Accepted: 30 May 2018 / Published: 5 June 2018
(This article belongs to the Collection Eutrophication and Sustainable Management of Water)
The Hongze Lake serves as the first important transfer and storage path along the East Route of the South-to-North Water Diversion Project (SNWDP-ER). After the Project began operating in 2013, eutrophication in the lake has created increasing public concern regarding the direct effect on water quality from the project. In this paper, we used multivariate statistical methods to examine the variances between water quality variables at four site groups (inlets and outlets in the study area) and during three seasons (wet, normal, and dry seasons) in Eastern Hongze Lake. We also used redundancy analysis (RDA) to analyze environmental factors’ impact on water quality. We found that (1) the concentrations of nitrogen and phosphorus were exceeding the standard values; (2) No significant spatial heterogeneity regarding nitrogen and phosphorus among the inlet/outlet of Eastern Hongze Lake existed in normal and wet seasons, and there was no evidence demonstrating that SNWDP-ER could improve eutrophication or even contribute to eutrophication in the dry season; (3) Environmental factors (land use, water diversion, and population) have limited influences on water quality, which was possibly caused by the overly-high river input and artificial input of nitrogen and phosphorus. Thus, it is critical to reinforce the control of pollution sources and enhance the ecological restoration. View Full-Text
Keywords: water quality; multivariate statistical; redundancy analysis; inlet/outlet; Eastern Hongze Lake; South-to-North Water Diversion Project water quality; multivariate statistical; redundancy analysis; inlet/outlet; Eastern Hongze Lake; South-to-North Water Diversion Project
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wu, Y.; Dai, R.; Xu, Y.; Han, J.; Li, P. Statistical Assessment of Water Quality Issues in Hongze Lake, China, Related to the Operation of a Water Diversion Project. Sustainability 2018, 10, 1885. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10061885

AMA Style

Wu Y, Dai R, Xu Y, Han J, Li P. Statistical Assessment of Water Quality Issues in Hongze Lake, China, Related to the Operation of a Water Diversion Project. Sustainability. 2018; 10(6):1885. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10061885

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wu, Yi; Dai, Rong; Xu, Yongfeng; Han, Jiangang; Li, Pingping. 2018. "Statistical Assessment of Water Quality Issues in Hongze Lake, China, Related to the Operation of a Water Diversion Project" Sustainability 10, no. 6: 1885. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10061885

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