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The Effect of China’s New Circular Collective Forest Tenure Reform on Household Non-Timber Forest Product Production in Natural Forest Protection Project Regions

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Research Center for Resource Economics and Environment Management, College of Economics and Management, Northwest A&F University, No. 3 Taicheng Road, Yangling 712100, China
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Department of Forest Sciences, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 27, Helsinki 00014, Finland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2018, 10(4), 1091; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10041091
Received: 22 March 2018 / Revised: 31 March 2018 / Accepted: 2 April 2018 / Published: 5 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Economic, Business and Management Aspects of Sustainability)
The implementation of China’s natural forest protection project (Protection Project) in 1998 changed households’ forestry production modes in project regions, and China’s new circular collective forest tenure reform (Tenure Reform) has been implemented since 2003 with the goal of motivating household forestry production and increasing household income from forests. Policymakers expect that Tenure Reform could also stimulate households to engage in non-timber forest products (NTFPs) production in Protection Project regions. However, only a few studies have investigated the effect of Tenure Reform on household NTFP production in Protection Project regions. To fill this gap, we built an integrative conceptual framework and estimated a corresponding structural equation model (SEM) using survey data from 932 households in Protection Project regions in southwestern China. In our research framework, there are four factors, including household characteristics, labour and social capital, forestland characteristics, and the Tenure Reform, affecting household NTFP production. The results substantiate that Tenure Reform has had a significant positive effect on household NTFP production. Additionally, household and forestland characteristics have promoted household NTFP production, but quantitatively less than Tenure Reform. This report can be used to inform the government that future investment in Tenure Reform still needs to be enhanced, and policy enforcement still needs to be strengthened. View Full-Text
Keywords: households; non-timber forest products production; collective forest tenure reform; natural forest protection project; structural equation model; China households; non-timber forest products production; collective forest tenure reform; natural forest protection project; structural equation model; China
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Ren, Y.; Kuuluvainen, J.; Toppinen, A.; Yao, S.; Berghäll, S.; Karppinen, H.; Xue, C.; Yang, L. The Effect of China’s New Circular Collective Forest Tenure Reform on Household Non-Timber Forest Product Production in Natural Forest Protection Project Regions. Sustainability 2018, 10, 1091.

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