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Structural Change and Its Impact on the Energy Intensity of Agricultural Sector in China

by 1 and 1,2,*
1
Center for Agricultural and Rural Development, School of Public Affairs, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China
2
School of Management, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2018, 10(12), 4591; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10124591
Received: 14 November 2018 / Revised: 29 November 2018 / Accepted: 30 November 2018 / Published: 4 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Energy Sustainability)
China’s agricultural structure has undergone significant changes for the past four decades, mainly presenting as the fall of sown proportion of grain crops and the rise of vegetables, as has its energy consumption. Employing the panel data on 30 provinces during 1991–2016, this paper empirically explores the impact of agricultural structure changes (ASC) on the energy intensity of agricultural production (EIAP), direct energy intensity of agricultural production (DEIAP) and indirect energy intensity of agricultural production (IEIAP) in China. Besides, the regional heterogeneity of such impact is examined. The results show that: (1) ASC increases EIAP and IEIAP significantly, while ASC decreases DEIAP, which is explained by the structural effect and different planting modes of different crops; (2) the impact in the three administrative regions is similar to national situation, except the impact of ASC on DEIAP in the West Region, which is explained by regional differences of vegetable mechanization; (3) the result of the six vegetable production regions reveals greater regional heterogeneity, and this is attributed to the scale economy effect and the incremental effect of vegetable mechanization; and (4) fuel price, income, agricultural labor, old dependency ratio, and fiscal expenditure have different but significant impacts on EIAP, DEIAP, and IEIAP. Finally, some policy implications are given. View Full-Text
Keywords: agricultural structure changes; energy intensity; regional heterogeneity; mechanization; chemical fertilizers agricultural structure changes; energy intensity; regional heterogeneity; mechanization; chemical fertilizers
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MDPI and ACS Style

Han, H.; Wu, S. Structural Change and Its Impact on the Energy Intensity of Agricultural Sector in China. Sustainability 2018, 10, 4591. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10124591

AMA Style

Han H, Wu S. Structural Change and Its Impact on the Energy Intensity of Agricultural Sector in China. Sustainability. 2018; 10(12):4591. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10124591

Chicago/Turabian Style

Han, Hongyun, and Shu Wu. 2018. "Structural Change and Its Impact on the Energy Intensity of Agricultural Sector in China" Sustainability 10, no. 12: 4591. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10124591

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