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Article

Evaluation of Efficiency in Selected Areas of Public Services in European Union Countries

1
Faculty of Economics, VŠB-Technical University of Ostrava, Sokolská třída 33, 702 00 Ostrava, Czech Republic
2
Faculty of Education, University of Ostrava, Fráni Šrámka 3, 709 00 Ostrava, Czech Republic
3
Faculty of Economics and Administration, University of Pardubice, Studentska 84, 532 10 Pardubice, Czech Republic
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2018, 10(12), 4592; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10124592
Received: 4 November 2018 / Revised: 15 November 2018 / Accepted: 29 November 2018 / Published: 5 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Services Sector Trade and Investment)
Over the past 40 years, the service sector has become the dominant area of market economies. The public sector and services financed from public financing represent a specific group within the services sector. This paper aims to evaluate the efficiency of EU countries and find the extent to which the volume of public services (and the respective financial allocations) can have an impact on selected economic indicators. To this end, the efficiency of public expenditure in five areas of public services (general public services; health; education; social protection; and recreation, culture, and religion) in 2009 and 2016 was evaluated in relation to selected economic indicators (GDP per capita and employment in services). In addition, the efficiency of public expenditure in EU countries was evaluated in relation to the size of the public sector and traditions of public administration. For cross-country analyses within the 27 European countries, data envelopment analysis and the input-oriented variable returns to scale (VRS) model were applied. The results demonstrated that in 2009, 13 out of 27 countries were efficient as opposed to 2016, where only seven countries were efficient. In countries with bigger size of public sector, the efficiency of public expenditure on services was not established. However, there was a similarity in the efficiency of public expenditure on services between groups of EU countries regarding the tradition of public administration. View Full-Text
Keywords: public services; public expenditure; efficiency; data envelopment analysis; EU countries; economic indicators public services; public expenditure; efficiency; data envelopment analysis; EU countries; economic indicators
MDPI and ACS Style

Halaskova, M.; Halaskova, R.; Prokop, V. Evaluation of Efficiency in Selected Areas of Public Services in European Union Countries. Sustainability 2018, 10, 4592. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10124592

AMA Style

Halaskova M, Halaskova R, Prokop V. Evaluation of Efficiency in Selected Areas of Public Services in European Union Countries. Sustainability. 2018; 10(12):4592. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10124592

Chicago/Turabian Style

Halaskova, Martina, Renata Halaskova, and Viktor Prokop. 2018. "Evaluation of Efficiency in Selected Areas of Public Services in European Union Countries" Sustainability 10, no. 12: 4592. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10124592

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