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The Role of Breadfruit in Biocultural Restoration and Sustainability in Hawai‘i

1
Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Management, College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa, 1910 East-West Road, Sherman Laboratory 101, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA
2
Department of Tropical Plants and Soil Sciences, College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa, 3190 Maile Way, St. John 102, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2018, 10(11), 3965; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10113965
Received: 31 July 2018 / Revised: 24 September 2018 / Accepted: 18 October 2018 / Published: 31 October 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biocultural Restoration in Hawaiʻi)
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Abstract

The Hawaiian Islands today are faced with a complex mix of sustainability challenges regarding food systems. After European arrival, there was a change of dietary customs and decline in traditional Hawaiian agriculture along with the cultural mechanisms which sustained them. Recently, there has been a resurgence for local food and culture alongside an enthusiasm for breadfruit (Artocarpus altilis)—a Polynesian staple crop. To investigate the role of breadfruit and biocultural restoration in Hawai‘i, we conducted surveys and interviews with local breadfruit producers. Overall, we found that breadfruit has the potential to provide holistic, practical and appropriate solutions to key issues in Hawai‘i, including food security, environmental degradation and public health, while simultaneously lending to the revival of cultural norms and social relationships. As breadfruit cultivation expands rapidly in Hawai‘i, the opportunities for increased social and environmental benefits can be realized if appropriately encouraged. View Full-Text
Keywords: breadfruit; biocultural restoration; sustainability; food systems; Hawai‘i; Artocarpus altilis breadfruit; biocultural restoration; sustainability; food systems; Hawai‘i; Artocarpus altilis
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Langston, B.J.; Lincoln, N.K. The Role of Breadfruit in Biocultural Restoration and Sustainability in Hawai‘i. Sustainability 2018, 10, 3965.

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