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World Electr. Veh. J. 2018, 9(4), 50; https://doi.org/10.3390/wevj9040050

Advancing E-Roaming in Europe: Towards a Single “Language” for the European Charging Infrastructure

1
NKL—The Netherlands Knowledge Platform for Public Charging Infrastructure, Vondellaan, 162 3521 GH Utrecht, The Netherlands
2
eMobility Consulting, Vekenoord, 41 4824 LN Breda, The Netherlands
3
School of Innovation Sciences, Eindhoven University of Technology, PO Box 513, 5600 MB Eindhoven, The Netherlands
A Preliminary Version of This Article Was Presented at the EVS30 Symposium, Stuttgart, Germany, 9–11 October 2017.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 13 May 2018 / Revised: 27 November 2018 / Accepted: 5 December 2018 / Published: 7 December 2018
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Abstract

The E.U. market for electric vehicles (EVs) is growing significantly, but the absence of widely adopted protocols and interoperability standards for charging hinders the development of cross-border EV travel (“e-roaming”). In this paper, we present our vision on what should be the basic functionalities of e-roaming. Furthermore, we describe the best practices of 6 years of e-roaming in the Netherlands, and analyze what can be learned from other sectors that were successful in introducing roaming mechanisms in the past. We translate these into proposed next steps, such as the need for piloting e-roaming on a European level using open standards, such as Open Charge Point Interface (OCPI). We conclude with a proposal for a comparative study of protocols to pave the way for future convergence, and, thus, facilitate a European market for EV products and services. View Full-Text
Keywords: electric vehicle charging; roaming protocol; peer-to-peer; harmonization electric vehicle charging; roaming protocol; peer-to-peer; harmonization
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Ferwerda, R.; Bayings, M.; Van der Kam, M.; Bekkers, R. Advancing E-Roaming in Europe: Towards a Single “Language” for the European Charging Infrastructure. World Electr. Veh. J. 2018, 9, 50.

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