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World Electric Vehicle Journal is published by MDPI from Volume 9 issue 1 (2018). Articles in this Issue were published by The World Electric Vehicle Association (WEVA) and its member the European Association for e-Mobility (AVERE), the Electric Drive Transportation Association (EDTA), and the Electric Vehicle Association of Asia Pacific (EVAAP). They are hosted by MDPI on as a courtesy and upon agreement with AVERE.
Open AccessArticle

Lyn Okse: An Electric Utility Vehicle with Off-Highway Capability

Vehicle Research Institute, USA
Department of Anthropology, Western Washington University, 516 High Street, Bellingham, Washington USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
World Electr. Veh. J. 2016, 8(1), 90-101;
Published: 25 March 2016
PDF [411 KB, uploaded 14 May 2018]


Designed by students and faculty at Western Washington University’s Vehicle Research Institute, the Lyn Okse (“Lightning Ox”) electric vehicle targets the needs of the campus Facilities Management organization’s grounds crews, maintenance and skilled-trades workers. The vehicle combines Neighborhood Electric Vehicle capability with a large cockpit to encourage the replacement of US Department of Transportation Class 1 trucks (Gross Vehicle Weight Rating less than 2679 kg) while reducing carbon dioxide emissions. Vehicle user interface design was developed in collaboration with Facilities staff using student conducted focal follows and ethnography. User experience aimed to identify current use, current vehicle limitations and imagined future use in three contexts; loading, driving and worksite operation. The two passenger vehicle features a cab-forward design to limit wheelbase length to less than 2489 mm while maintaining a minimum 1829 mm cargo bed length and an 8 m curb-to-curb turning circle.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Leonhardt, E.; James, P. Lyn Okse: An Electric Utility Vehicle with Off-Highway Capability. World Electr. Veh. J. 2016, 8, 90-101.

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World Electr. Veh. J. EISSN 2032-6653 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
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