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Open AccessArticle

Electric Vehicle Fast Charging Needs in Cities and along Corridors

1
Department of Urban Technology, Faculty of Technology, Amsterdam University of Applied Sciences, 1097 DZ Amsterdam, The Netherlands
2
Transport and Logistics Group, Department of Engineering Systems and Services, Faculty of Technology, Policy and Management, Delft University of Technology, 2628 BX Delft, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
World Electr. Veh. J. 2019, 10(2), 45; https://doi.org/10.3390/wevj10020045
Received: 16 April 2019 / Revised: 3 June 2019 / Accepted: 14 June 2019 / Published: 18 June 2019
Fast charging is seen as a means to facilitate long-distance driving for electric vehicles (EVs). As a result, roll-out planning generally takes a corridor approach. However, with higher penetration of electric vehicles in urban areas, cities contemplate whether inner-city fast chargers can be an alternative for the growing amount of slow public chargers. For this purpose, more knowledge is required in motives and preferences of users and actual usage patterns of fast chargers. Similarly, with increasing charging speeds of fast chargers and different modes (taxi, car sharing) also switching to electric vehicles, the effect of charging speed should be evaluated as well as preferences amongst different user groups. This research investigates the different intentions and motivations of EV drivers at fast charging stations to see how charging behaviour at such stations differs using both data analysis from charging stations as a survey among EV drivers. Additionally, it estimates the willingness of EV drivers to use fast charging as a substitute for on-street home charging given higher charging speeds. The paper concludes that limited charging speeds imply that EV drivers prefer parking and charging over fast charging but this could change if battery developments allow higher charging speeds. View Full-Text
Keywords: electric vehicles; fast charging; public charging; level 2 charging; choice experiment; survey electric vehicles; fast charging; public charging; level 2 charging; choice experiment; survey
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Wolbertus, R.; Van den Hoed, R. Electric Vehicle Fast Charging Needs in Cities and along Corridors. World Electr. Veh. J. 2019, 10, 45.

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