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Open AccessArticle

Single Stranded DNA Viruses Associated with Capybara Faeces Sampled in Brazil

1
The Biodesign Center for Fundamental and Applied Microbiomics, Center for Evolution and Medicine School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287, USA
2
Embrapa Recursos Genéticos e Biotecnologia, Brasília, DF 70770-017, Brazil
3
Structural Biology Research Unit, Department of Clinical Laboratory Sciences, University of Cape Town, Observatory, Cape Town 7925, South Africa
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Viruses 2019, 11(8), 710; https://doi.org/10.3390/v11080710
Received: 14 June 2019 / Revised: 29 July 2019 / Accepted: 31 July 2019 / Published: 2 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Viromics: Approaches, Advances, and Applications)
Capybaras (Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris), the world’s largest rodents, are distributed throughout South America. These wild herbivores are commonly found near water bodies and are well adapted to rural and urban areas. There is limited information on the viruses circulating through capybaras. This study aimed to expand the knowledge on the viral diversity associated with capybaras by sampling their faeces. Using a viral metagenomics approach, we identified diverse single-stranded DNA viruses in the capybara faeces sampled in the Distrito Federal, Brazil. A total of 148 complete genomes of viruses in the Microviridae family were identified. In addition, 14 genomoviruses (family Genomoviridae), a novel cyclovirus (family Circoviridae), and a smacovirus (family Smacoviridae) were identified. Also, 37 diverse viruses that cannot be assigned to known families and more broadly referred to as unclassified circular replication associated protein encoding single-stranded (CRESS) DNA viruses were identified. This study provides a snapshot of the viral diversity associated with capybaras that may be infectious to these animals or associated with their microbiota or diet. View Full-Text
Keywords: Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris; CRESS DNA virus; Circoviridae; Genomoviridae; Microviridae; Smacoviridae Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris; CRESS DNA virus; Circoviridae; Genomoviridae; Microviridae; Smacoviridae
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Fontenele, R.S.; Lacorte, C.; Lamas, N.S.; Schmidlin, K.; Varsani, A.; Ribeiro, S.G. Single Stranded DNA Viruses Associated with Capybara Faeces Sampled in Brazil. Viruses 2019, 11, 710.

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