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Open AccessArticle

Viromics Reveal a Number of Novel RNA Viruses in Swedish Mosquitoes

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Department of Biomedical Sciences and Veterinary Public Health, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Box 7028, 750 07 Uppsala, Sweden
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Department of Animal Breeding and Genetics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, SLU-Global Bioinformatics Centre, Box 7023, 750 07 Uppsala, Sweden
3
Department of Medical Biochemistry and Microbiology/Zoonosis Science Center, Uppsala University, Box 582, 751 23 Uppsala, Sweden
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Viruses 2019, 11(11), 1027; https://doi.org/10.3390/v11111027
Received: 15 October 2019 / Revised: 31 October 2019 / Accepted: 2 November 2019 / Published: 5 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Viromics: Approaches, Advances, and Applications)
Metagenomic studies of mosquitoes have revealed that their virome is far more diverse and includes many more viruses than just the pathogenic arboviruses vectored by mosquitoes. In this study, the virome of 953 female mosquitoes collected in the summer of 2017, representing six mosquito species from two geographic locations in Mid-Eastern Sweden, were characterized. In addition, the near-complete genome of nine RNA viruses were characterized and phylogenetically analysed. These viruses showed association to the viral orders Bunyavirales, Picornavirales, Articulavirales, and Tymovirales, and to the realm Ribovira. Hence, through this study, we expand the knowledge of the virome composition of different mosquito species in Sweden. In addition, by providing viral reference genomes from wider geographic regions and different mosquito species, future in silico recognition and assembly of viral genomes in metagenomic datasets will be facilitated. View Full-Text
Keywords: insect-specific virus; metagenomics; virome; mosquitoes insect-specific virus; metagenomics; virome; mosquitoes
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MDPI and ACS Style

Öhlund, P.; Hayer, J.; Lundén, H.; Hesson, J.C.; Blomström, A.-L. Viromics Reveal a Number of Novel RNA Viruses in Swedish Mosquitoes. Viruses 2019, 11, 1027.

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