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Viruses 2019, 11(1), 11; https://doi.org/10.3390/v11010011

Islands as Hotspots for Emerging Mosquito-Borne Viruses: A One-Health Perspective

1,2,*, 2,3,†, 2,3,4,†, 1,2, 2,5,‡ and 2,4,‡
1
Department of Pathology, Immunology and Laboratory Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
2
Emerging Pathogens Institute University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
3
Department of Environmental and Global Health, College of Public Health and Health Professions, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
4
One Health Center of Excellence, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
5
Division of Infectious Diseases and Global Medicine, Department of Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Received: 8 November 2018 / Revised: 18 December 2018 / Accepted: 18 December 2018 / Published: 25 December 2018
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Abstract

During the past ten years, an increasing number of arbovirus outbreaks have affected tropical islands worldwide. We examined the available literature in peer-reviewed journals, from the second half of the 20th century until 2018, with the aim of gathering an overall picture of the emergence of arboviruses in these islands. In addition, we included information on environmental and social drivers specific to island setting that can facilitate the emergence of outbreaks. Within the context of the One Health approach, our review highlights how the emergence of arboviruses in tropical islands is linked to the complex interplay between their unique ecological settings and to the recent changes in local and global sociodemographic patterns. We also advocate for greater coordination between stakeholders in developing novel prevention and mitigation approaches for an intractable problem. View Full-Text
Keywords: One-Health; island; hotspot; Indian; Pacific; Caribbean; arbovirus; dengue; zika; chikungunya One-Health; island; hotspot; Indian; Pacific; Caribbean; arbovirus; dengue; zika; chikungunya
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Mavian, C.; Dulcey, M.; Munoz, O.; Salemi, M.; Vittor, A.Y.; Capua, I. Islands as Hotspots for Emerging Mosquito-Borne Viruses: A One-Health Perspective. Viruses 2019, 11, 11.

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