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Article

Particle Characterization of Washing Process Effluents by Laser Diffraction Technique

1
Faculty of Food Technology and Biotehnology, University of Zagreb, Pierottijeva 6, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
2
Faculty of Textile Technology, University of Zagreb, Prilaz baruna Filipovića 28a, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
3
Department for General Use Items, Croatian Institute of Public Health, Rockefeller Str. 7, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Frank Lipnizki
Materials 2021, 14(24), 7781; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14247781
Received: 10 November 2021 / Revised: 3 December 2021 / Accepted: 11 December 2021 / Published: 16 December 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Collection of Papers in Materials Science from Croatia)
The dominant type of polymer particles in water, sediment, and various organisms partly derives from natural and synthetic fibres released in the washing process. Pollution of aquatic recipients with these particles poses an interdisciplinary problem throughout the world. Wastewater from washing represents a dispersion system with different particle sizes that is also loaded with the source of the particles. Due to this complex system, the qualification and quantification of this type of pollution is difficult. In this paper, the laser diffraction technique was applied to characterize particles in effluents from washing and rinsing materials made of a mixture of cotton and polyester. The results obtained through the analysis prove that the laser diffraction technique is acceptable for the characterization of a composite effluent sample. The advanced statistical technique of multivariate analysis confirmed the interrelationship of the parameters of this complex dispersion system. View Full-Text
Keywords: textiles matrix; washing; dispersion system; particles; particle size distribution; cluster analysis textiles matrix; washing; dispersion system; particles; particle size distribution; cluster analysis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Čurlin, M.; Pušić, T.; Vojnović, B.; Dimitrov, N. Particle Characterization of Washing Process Effluents by Laser Diffraction Technique. Materials 2021, 14, 7781. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14247781

AMA Style

Čurlin M, Pušić T, Vojnović B, Dimitrov N. Particle Characterization of Washing Process Effluents by Laser Diffraction Technique. Materials. 2021; 14(24):7781. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14247781

Chicago/Turabian Style

Čurlin, Mirjana, Tanja Pušić, Branka Vojnović, and Nino Dimitrov. 2021. "Particle Characterization of Washing Process Effluents by Laser Diffraction Technique" Materials 14, no. 24: 7781. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14247781

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