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Selection of Collagen Membranes for Bone Regeneration: A Literature Review

1
Department of Neurosciences, School of Dentistry, University of Padova, Via Giustiniani 2, 35100 Padova, Italy
2
Multidisciplinary Department of Medical Surgical and Dental Specialties, University of Campania “Luigi Vanvitelli”, 80100 Naples, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Eriberto Bressan and Livia Nastri share the last Authorship.
Materials 2020, 13(3), 786; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma13030786
Received: 20 December 2019 / Revised: 23 January 2020 / Accepted: 5 February 2020 / Published: 9 February 2020
Several treatment modalities have been proposed to regenerate bone, including guided bone regeneration (GBR) where barrier membranes play an important role by isolating soft tissue and allowing bone to grow. Not all membranes biologically behave the same way, as they differ from their origin and structure, with reflections on their mechanical properties and on their clinical performance. Collagen membranes have been widely used in medicine and dentistry, because of their high biocompatibility and capability of promoting wound healing. Recently, collagen membranes have been applied in guided bone regeneration with comparable outcomes to non-resorbable membranes. Aim of this work is to provide a review on the main features, application, outcomes, and clinical employment of the different types of collagen membranes. Comparisons with non-resorbable membranes are clarified, characteristics of cross-linked collagen versus native collagen, use of different grafting materials and need for membrane fixation are explored in order to gain awareness of the indications and limits and to be able to choose the right membrane required by the clinical condition. View Full-Text
Keywords: collagen membrane; guided bone regeneration; bone augmentation; biocompatible materials; dental implants collagen membrane; guided bone regeneration; bone augmentation; biocompatible materials; dental implants
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sbricoli, L.; Guazzo, R.; Annunziata, M.; Gobbato, L.; Bressan, E.; Nastri, L. Selection of Collagen Membranes for Bone Regeneration: A Literature Review. Materials 2020, 13, 786.

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