Reactive flash sintering in oxide systems is analyzed assuming the formation of a liquid film at the particle contacts at the flash onset temperature. Formation of intermediate phases, as well as phase assemblage, are predicted upon optimal conditions of the electric field and current density. In single-phase impure oxides, the solidus and the solubility limit determine the flash onset temperature. In reacting binary systems, the composition of the liquidus determines primarily the reaction products during the cooling. In multicomponent systems, the oxide with the lowest flash temperature forms the interfacial liquid film, and the solid phase assemblage follows the equilibrium phase diagram. Examples from literature are consistent with reactive flash sintering and flash sintering assisted by a transient liquid film.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License
which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited