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Open AccessArticle

A Quantum–Mechanical Study of Clean and Cr–Segregated Antiphase Boundaries in Fe3Al

Institute of Physics of Materials, Czech Academy of Sciences, Žižkova 22, CZ-616 62 Brno, Czech Republic
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Materials 2019, 12(23), 3954; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12233954
Received: 30 October 2019 / Revised: 20 November 2019 / Accepted: 25 November 2019 / Published: 28 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Structure and Properties of Grain Boundaries in Crystalline Materials)
We present a quantum-mechanical study of thermodynamic, structural, elastic, and magnetic properties of selected antiphase boundaries (APBs) in Fe 3 Al with the D0 3 crystal structure with and without Cr atoms. The computed APBs are sharp (not thermal), and they have {001} crystallographic orientation. They are characterized by a mutual shift of grains by 1/2⟨100⟩a where a is the lattice parameter of a cube-shaped 16-atom elementary cell of Fe 3 Al, i.e., they affect the next nearest neighbors (APB-NNN type, also called APB-D0 3 ). Regarding clean APBs in Fe 3 Al, the studied ones have only a very minor impact on the structural and magnetic properties, including local magnetic moments, and the APB energy is rather low, about 80 ± 25 mJ/m 2 . Interestingly, they have a rather strong impact on the anisotropic (tensorial) elastic properties with the APB-induced change from a cubic symmetry to a tetragonal one, which is sensitively reflected by the directional dependence of linear compressibility. The Cr atoms have a strong impact on magnetic properties and a complex influence on the energetics of APBs. In particular, the Cr atoms in Fe 3 Al exhibit clustering tendencies even in the presence of APBs and cause a transition from a ferromagnetic (Cr-free Fe 3 Al) into a ferrimagnetic state. The Fe atoms with Cr atoms in their first coordination shell have their local atomic magnetic moments reduced. This reduction is synergically enhanced (to the point when Fe atoms are turned non-magnetic) when the influence of clustering of Cr atoms is combined with APBs, which offer specific atomic environments not existing in the APB-free bulk Fe 3 Al. The impact of Cr atoms on APB energies in Fe 3 Al is found to be ambiguous, including reduction, having a negligible influence or increasing APB energies depending on the local atomic configuration of Cr atoms, as well as their concentration. View Full-Text
Keywords: Fe3Al; antiphase boundaries; magnetism; ab initio; stability; chromium; segregation Fe3Al; antiphase boundaries; magnetism; ab initio; stability; chromium; segregation
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Friák, M.; Všianská, M.; Šob, M. A Quantum–Mechanical Study of Clean and Cr–Segregated Antiphase Boundaries in Fe3Al. Materials 2019, 12, 3954.

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