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Article

Effect of Fibers on High-Temperature Mechanical Behavior and Microstructure of Reactive Powder Concrete

1
Key Lab of Structures Dynamic Behavior and Control, Ministry of Education, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150090, China
2
Key Lab of the Smart Prevention and Mitigation of Civil Engineering Disasters of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150090, China
3
Civil Engineering Department, College of Engineering, King Saud University, Riyadh 11421, Saudi Arabia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2019, 12(2), 329; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12020329
Received: 10 December 2018 / Revised: 27 December 2018 / Accepted: 31 December 2018 / Published: 21 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New and Emerging Construction Materials)
This study was aimed to investigate the effect of steel, polypropylene (PP), and hybrid (steel + PP) fibers on high-temperature mechanical properties of reactive powder concrete (RPC). The mechanical properties considered are cubic compressive strength, axial or prismatic compressive strength, split-tensile strength, flexural strength, elastic modulus, peak strain, and stress-strain behavior. The strength recession due to high temperature was investigated at micro level by scanning electron microscope, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, mercury intrusion porosity, thermogravimetric, and differential scanning calorimetry analyses. The high-temperature tests were carried out at target temperatures of 120, 300, 500, 700, and 900 °C. The hot-state compressive strength of RPC started to decrease at 120 °C; however, a partial recovery at 300 °C and a gradual decrease above 300 °C were observed. The degradation of split-tensile strength, flexural strength, and elastic modulus were gradual with increasing temperature despite the effect of different fibers. Whereas, the peak strain was gradually increasing up to 700 °C. However, after 700 °C, it remained unchanged. Steel fiber reinforced RPC (SRPC) and hybrid fiber reinforced RPC (HRPC) showed a ductile behavior. PP fiber reinforced RPC (PRPC) showed a quite brittle behavior up to 300 °C; however, further heating made the microstructure porous and it became ductile too. Overall the performance of SRPC and HRPC were superior to PRPC because of higher modulus of elasticity, higher strength, and better fire resistance of steel fibers. Fiber reinforced RPC was found to have better fire resistance than traditional types of concrete based on comparative studies with the provisions of design codes and earlier research. The constitutive equations developed can be utilized in computer programs for structural design of RPC structures exposed to fire. View Full-Text
Keywords: Reactive powder concrete (RPC); fibers; high temperature; mechanical properties; microstructure Reactive powder concrete (RPC); fibers; high temperature; mechanical properties; microstructure
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MDPI and ACS Style

Abid, M.; Hou, X.; Zheng, W.; Hussain, R.R. Effect of Fibers on High-Temperature Mechanical Behavior and Microstructure of Reactive Powder Concrete. Materials 2019, 12, 329. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12020329

AMA Style

Abid M, Hou X, Zheng W, Hussain RR. Effect of Fibers on High-Temperature Mechanical Behavior and Microstructure of Reactive Powder Concrete. Materials. 2019; 12(2):329. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12020329

Chicago/Turabian Style

Abid, Muhammad; Hou, Xiaomeng; Zheng, Wenzhong; Hussain, Raja R. 2019. "Effect of Fibers on High-Temperature Mechanical Behavior and Microstructure of Reactive Powder Concrete" Materials 12, no. 2: 329. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12020329

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