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Hydroxyapatite and Fluorapatite in Conservative Dentistry and Oral Implantology—A Review

Analytical Group, Department of Analytical Chemistry and Biomaterials, Faculty of Pharmacy with Laboratory Medicine Division, Medical University of Warsaw, 02-097 Warsaw, Poland
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2019, 12(17), 2683;
Received: 29 July 2019 / Revised: 15 August 2019 / Accepted: 20 August 2019 / Published: 22 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Novel Biomaterials for Orthopaedic/Musculoskeletal Tissue Engineering)
Calcium phosphate, due to its similarity to the inorganic fraction of mineralized tissues, has played a key role in many areas of medicine, in particular, regenerative medicine and orthopedics. It has also found application in conservative dentistry and dental surgery, in particular, as components of toothpaste and mouth rinse, coatings of dental implants, cements, and bone substitute materials for the restoration of cavities in maxillofacial surgery. In dental applications, the most important role is played by hydroxyapatite and fluorapatite, i.e., calcium phosphates characterized by the highest chemical stability and very low solubility. This paper presents the role of both apatites in dentistry and a review of recent achievements in the field of the application of these materials. View Full-Text
Keywords: hydroxyapatite; fluorapatite; dentistry; calcium phosphates hydroxyapatite; fluorapatite; dentistry; calcium phosphates
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Pajor, K.; Pajchel, L.; Kolmas, J. Hydroxyapatite and Fluorapatite in Conservative Dentistry and Oral Implantology—A Review. Materials 2019, 12, 2683.

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