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Open AccessArticle

In Vivo Evaluation of the Anti-Inflammatory Activity of Electrospun Micro/Nanofibrous Patches Loaded with Pinus halepensis Bark Extract on Hairless Mice Skin

1
Section of Pharmaceutical Technology, Department of Pharmacy, School of Health Sciences, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens 15784, Greece
2
Section of Pharmacognosy and Chemistry of Natural Products, Department of Pharmacy, School of Health Sciences, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens 15771, Greece
3
Athens Naval Hospital, Pathologoanatomic Laboratory, Athens 11521, Greece
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2019, 12(16), 2596; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12162596
Received: 30 June 2019 / Revised: 9 August 2019 / Accepted: 14 August 2019 / Published: 15 August 2019
Skin inflammation is the most common symptom in dermatological diseases. It is usually treated by topically applied products, such as creams, gels and lotions. Skin dressings offer a promising alternative as they are endowed with more controlled administration conditions. In this study, the anti-inflammatory activity of electrospun alginate micro/nanofibrous dressings loaded with the aqueous extract of Pinus halepensis bark (PHBE) was evaluated in vivo in mice. The upper back skin of SKH-1 female hairless mice was exposed to a single dose of ultraviolet radiation (3 MEDs) and the inflamed area was treated daily by the direct application of a nanofibrous patch. The condition of the skin was evaluated primarily on the basis of clinical observation, photo-documentation and histopathological assessment, while measurements of the erythema, hydration, transepidermal water loss (TEWL) and sebum production were also taken into account. The results showed that the topical application of alginate micro/nanofibrous dressings loaded with PHBE on UV-inflamed skin significantly attenuated inflammation damage, reducing the healing period. Increase of the loading dose of PHBE resulted in a proportional reduction of the extent, the density and the depth of skin inflammation. With the steadily increasing interest of the skin dressing industry towards nanofibrous matrices, electrospun nonwovens could serve as ideal candidates for the development of multifunctional anti-inflammatory care systems. View Full-Text
Keywords: Pinus halepensis bark extract; skin; UV-induced inflammation; mice; electrospun nanofibrous patches; anti-inflammatory activity Pinus halepensis bark extract; skin; UV-induced inflammation; mice; electrospun nanofibrous patches; anti-inflammatory activity
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Kotroni, E.; Simirioti, E.; Kikionis, S.; Sfiniadakis, I.; Siamidi, A.; Karalis, V.; Vitsos, A.; Vlachou, M.; Ioannou, E.; Roussis, V.; Rallis, M. In Vivo Evaluation of the Anti-Inflammatory Activity of Electrospun Micro/Nanofibrous Patches Loaded with Pinus halepensis Bark Extract on Hairless Mice Skin. Materials 2019, 12, 2596.

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