In the process of electromagnetic forming (EMF), the rebound effect caused by high speed collision between sheet and die will affect the fittability, which results in a bad forming quality of workpiece. In this paper, finite element models of direct EMF and indirect EMF with an elastic medium are established, the influence factors of fittability in indirect EMF are studied, the two forming processes are compared, and the mechanisms of reduced rebound effect in indirect EMF are revealed. The results show that: in indirect EMF, with the increase of the discharging voltage or thickness of rubber, the fittability increases and then decreases; when the thickness of driver plate is equal to the skin depth of the driver plate, the fittability is the best. The optimal process parameters of indirect EMF are as follows: the discharging voltage is 10 kV, the thickness of the rubber is 20 mm and the thickness of driver plate is 2 mm. The rebound effect in indirect EMF is reduced compared with direct EMF for the following reasons: the impact force caused by the collision between the sheet and die is balanced by the pressure provided by the rubber; the sheet is always under tensile stress state due to the friction force provided by rubber; the remaining kinetic energy of sheet after collision with the die is absorbed by rubber. Therefore, the rebound effect in indirect EMF is suppressed compared with direct EMF. So, the fittability of the workpiece is improved, which results in a better forming quality.
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