Next Article in Journal
Almond Shell as a Microporous Carbon Source for Sustainable Cathodes in Lithium–Sulfur Batteries
Next Article in Special Issue
Assessment of the Potential Economic Impact of the Use of AM Technologies in the Cost Levels of Manufacturing and Stocking of Spare Part Products
Previous Article in Journal
Investigations on the Electrochemical Atomic Layer Growth of Bi2Se3 and the Surface Limited Deposition of Bismuth at the Silver Electrode
Previous Article in Special Issue
Delamination Study in Edge Trimming of Basalt Fiber Reinforced Plastics (BFRP)
Open AccessArticle

Design of a Scaffold Parameter Selection System with Additive Manufacturing for a Biomedical Cell Culture

1
Oncology Unit (TargetsLab), Department of Medical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Girona, Emili Grahit 77, 17003 Girona, Spain
2
Department of Mechanical Engineering and Industrial Construction, University of Girona, Maria Aurèlia Capmany 61, 17003 Girona, Spain
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2018, 11(8), 1427; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma11081427
Received: 10 July 2018 / Revised: 8 August 2018 / Accepted: 10 August 2018 / Published: 14 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Special Issue of the Manufacturing Engineering Society (MES))
Open-source 3D printers mean objects can be quickly and efficiently produced. However, design and fabrication parameters need to be optimized to set up the correct printing procedure; a procedure in which the characteristics of the printing materials selected for use can also influence the process. This work focuses on optimizing the printing process of the open-source 3D extruder machine RepRap, which is used to manufacture poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) scaffolds for cell culture applications. PCL is a biocompatible polymer that is free of toxic dye and has been used to fabricate scaffolds, i.e., solid structures suitable for 3D cancer cell cultures. Scaffold cell culture has been described as enhancing cancer stem cell (CSC) populations related to tumor chemoresistance and/or their recurrence after chemotherapy. A RepRap BCN3D+ printer and 3 mm PCL wire were used to fabricate circular scaffolds. Design and fabrication parameters were first determined with SolidWorks and Slic3r software and subsequently optimized following a novel sequential flowchart. In the flowchart described here, the parameters were gradually optimized step by step, by taking several measurable variables of the resulting scaffolds into consideration to guarantee high-quality printing. Three deposition angles (45°, 60° and 90°) were fabricated and tested. MCF-7 breast carcinoma cells and NIH/3T3 murine fibroblasts were used to assess scaffold adequacy for 3D cell cultures. The 60° scaffolds were found to be suitable for the purpose. Therefore, PCL scaffolds fabricated via the flowchart optimization with a RepRap 3D printer could be used for 3D cell cultures and may boost CSCs to study new therapeutic treatments for this malignant population. Moreover, the flowchart defined here could represent a standard procedure for non-engineers (i.e., mainly physicians) when manufacturing new culture systems is required. View Full-Text
Keywords: scaffold; PCL; RepRap; fused filament fabrication; three-dimensional; cell culture scaffold; PCL; RepRap; fused filament fabrication; three-dimensional; cell culture
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Rabionet, M.; Polonio, E.; Guerra, A.J.; Martin, J.; Puig, T.; Ciurana, J. Design of a Scaffold Parameter Selection System with Additive Manufacturing for a Biomedical Cell Culture. Materials 2018, 11, 1427.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop