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Environmentally Sustainable and Ecosafe Polysaccharide-Based Materials for Water Nano-Treatment: An Eco-Design Study

1
Department of Physical, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Siena, Via Mattioli 4, 53100 Siena, Italy
2
Department of Chemistry, Materials, and Chemical Engineering “G. Natta” Politecnico di Milano, Via Mancinelli 7, 20131 Milano, Italy
3
Sant’Anna School of Advanced Studies, Institute of Management, Piazza Martiri della Libertà 33, 56127 Pisa, Italy
4
Ergo S.r.l., c/o Technology Centre, Via Giuntini 25/29–int. 29, 56023 Pisa, Italy
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2018, 11(7), 1228; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma11071228
Received: 28 May 2018 / Revised: 29 June 2018 / Accepted: 12 July 2018 / Published: 17 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue State-of-the-Art Materials Science in Italy 2017)
Nanoremediation, which is the use of nanoparticles and nanomaterials for environmental remediation, is widely explored and proposed for preservation of ecosystems that suffer from the increase in human population, pollution, and urbanization. We herein report a critical analysis of nanotechnologies for water remediation by assessing their sustainability in terms of efficient removal of pollutants, appropriate methods for monitoring their effectiveness, and protocols for the evaluation of any potential environmental risks. Our purpose is to furnish fruitful guidelines for sustainable water management, able to promote nanoremediation also at European level. In this context, we describe new nanostructured polysaccharide-based materials obtained from renewable resources as alternative efficient and ecosafe solutions for water nano-treatment. We also provide eco-design indications to improve the sustainability of the production of these materials, based on life-cycle assessment methodology. View Full-Text
Keywords: polysaccharides; nanocellulose; nanostructured materials; ecosafety; LCA polysaccharides; nanocellulose; nanostructured materials; ecosafety; LCA
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MDPI and ACS Style

Corsi, I.; Fiorati, A.; Grassi, G.; Bartolozzi, I.; Daddi, T.; Melone, L.; Punta, C. Environmentally Sustainable and Ecosafe Polysaccharide-Based Materials for Water Nano-Treatment: An Eco-Design Study. Materials 2018, 11, 1228.

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