Next Article in Journal
Position Estimation at Zero Speed for PMSMs Using Artificial Neural Networks
Next Article in Special Issue
Assessment of Wind and Solar Hybrid Energy for Agricultural Applications in Sudan
Previous Article in Journal
Electrical Efficiency Increase in CPVT Collectors by Spectral Splitting
Previous Article in Special Issue
Solar-Hybrid Cold Energy Storage System Coupled with Cooling Pads Backup: A Step towards Decentralized Storage of Perishables
Article

Assessing Crop Water Requirements and a Case for Renewable-Energy-Powered Pumping System for Wheat, Cotton, and Sorghum Crops in Sudan

1
Department of Electrical Engineering, Mirpur University of Science and Technology, Mirpur 10250, Pakistan
2
Mechanical, Biomedical and Design Engineering, College of Engineering and Physical Sciences Aston University, Birmingham B4 7ET, UK
3
Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Lahore, Lahore 54890, Pakistan
4
Energy and Thermofluid Research Group, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Port Harcourt, Port Harcourt 500102, Nigeria
5
Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Khartoum, Khartoum 51111, Sudan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Donato Morea
Energies 2021, 14(23), 8133; https://doi.org/10.3390/en14238133
Received: 4 November 2021 / Revised: 26 November 2021 / Accepted: 29 November 2021 / Published: 4 December 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Energy Systems and Applications in Agriculture)
Climate change is changing global weather patterns, with an increase in droughts expected to impact crop yields due to water scarcity. Crops can be provided with water via underground pumping systems to mitigate water shortages. However, the energy required to pump water tends to be expensive and hazardous to the environment. This paper explores different sites in Sudan to assess the crop water requirements as the first stage of developing renewable energy sources based on water pumping systems. The crop water requirements are calculated for different crops using the CROPWAT and CLIMWAT simulation tools from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations. Further, the crop water requirements are translated into electrical energy requirements. Accurate calculations of the energy needed will help in developing cost-effective energy systems that can help in improving yields and reducing carbon emissions. The results suggest that the northern regions tend to have higher energy demands and that the potential for renewable energy should be explored in these regions, which are more susceptible to drought and where crops tend to be under higher stress due to adverse climate conditions. View Full-Text
Keywords: agriculture; CROPWAT; irrigation management; crop water requirement agriculture; CROPWAT; irrigation management; crop water requirement
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Khan, Z.A.; Imran, M.; Umer, J.; Ahmed, S.; Diemuodeke, O.E.; Abdelatif, A.O. Assessing Crop Water Requirements and a Case for Renewable-Energy-Powered Pumping System for Wheat, Cotton, and Sorghum Crops in Sudan. Energies 2021, 14, 8133. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14238133

AMA Style

Khan ZA, Imran M, Umer J, Ahmed S, Diemuodeke OE, Abdelatif AO. Assessing Crop Water Requirements and a Case for Renewable-Energy-Powered Pumping System for Wheat, Cotton, and Sorghum Crops in Sudan. Energies. 2021; 14(23):8133. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14238133

Chicago/Turabian Style

Khan, Zafar A., Muhammad Imran, Jamal Umer, Saeed Ahmed, Ogheneruona E. Diemuodeke, and Amged O. Abdelatif. 2021. "Assessing Crop Water Requirements and a Case for Renewable-Energy-Powered Pumping System for Wheat, Cotton, and Sorghum Crops in Sudan" Energies 14, no. 23: 8133. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14238133

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop