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Article

An Ecosystem View of Peer-to-Peer Electricity Trading: Scenario Building by Business Model Matrix to Identify New Roles

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Imec-SMIT, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Pleinlaan 9, 1050 Brussels, Belgium
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Electa, KU Leuven, Kasteelpark Arenberg 10—Bus 2445, 3001 Heverlee, Belgium
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Department of Communication Science, Technical University of Twente, P.O. Box 217, 7500 AE Enschede, The Netherlands
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CiTiP, KU Leuven, Sint-Michielsstraat 6—Box 3443, 3000 Leuven, Belgium
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Department of Computer Science, The University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL, UK
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Imec-COSIC, KU Leuven, Kasteelpark Arenberg 10—Bus 2452, 3001 Heverlee, Belgium
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
This paper is an extended version of our paper published in 6th IEEE International Energy Conference (ENERGYCON 2020), Gammarth, Tunis, Tunisia, 28 September–1 October 2020; pp. 389–394.
Academic Editors: Pavlos S. Georgilakis and Habib M. Kammoun
Energies 2021, 14(15), 4438; https://doi.org/10.3390/en14154438
Received: 9 June 2021 / Revised: 6 July 2021 / Accepted: 15 July 2021 / Published: 22 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Selected Papers from ENERGYCON 2020 Conference)
This article introduces new roles in future peer-to-peer electricity trading markets. Following a qualitative approach, firstly, the value network of the current electricity market is presented. To do so, service streams, critical roles, activities, and their setting in the electricity market are identified. Secondly, in order to identify the main sources of uncertainty, the business model matrix framework is utilized to analyze peer-to-peer electricity trading. Thirdly, four future scenarios are built based on user involvement and customer ownership. The outcome of the scenario building is the emergence of new roles, brokers, and representatives in the future peer-to-peer electricity markets. Fourth, based on the four future scenarios, changes in the value network, new roles, and emerging/evolving activities are identified. Finally, the two new roles are discussed from grid structure, security and privacy, legal, and data protection perspectives. The data is gathered by conducting semi-structured interviews with stakeholders in the current electricity market as well as potential disruptors. This article elaborates on the configuration of the value network in the electricity market and highlights the changes that peer-to-peer trading imposes to the status quo. Through the outcomes of the value network analysis, it assists policy makers to consider the requirements and current market players to reconsider their business models. View Full-Text
Keywords: energy transition; peer-to-peer; smart grid; value network; electricity market; business model; electricity trading; future scenarios; smart cities; business ecosystem energy transition; peer-to-peer; smart grid; value network; electricity market; business model; electricity trading; future scenarios; smart cities; business ecosystem
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MDPI and ACS Style

Montakhabi, M.; Zobiri, F.; van der Graaf, S.; Deconinck, G.; Orlando, D.; Ballon, P.; Mustafa, M.A. An Ecosystem View of Peer-to-Peer Electricity Trading: Scenario Building by Business Model Matrix to Identify New Roles. Energies 2021, 14, 4438. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14154438

AMA Style

Montakhabi M, Zobiri F, van der Graaf S, Deconinck G, Orlando D, Ballon P, Mustafa MA. An Ecosystem View of Peer-to-Peer Electricity Trading: Scenario Building by Business Model Matrix to Identify New Roles. Energies. 2021; 14(15):4438. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14154438

Chicago/Turabian Style

Montakhabi, Mehdi, Fairouz Zobiri, Shenja van der Graaf, Geert Deconinck, Domenico Orlando, Pieter Ballon, and Mustafa A. Mustafa 2021. "An Ecosystem View of Peer-to-Peer Electricity Trading: Scenario Building by Business Model Matrix to Identify New Roles" Energies 14, no. 15: 4438. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14154438

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