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Article

Smart Energy in a Smart City: Utopia or Reality? Evidence from Poland

Department of Urban and Regional Development Studies, Faculty of Earth Sciences and Spatial Management, Nicolaus Copernicus University, 87-100 Toruń, Poland
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Energies 2020, 13(21), 5795; https://doi.org/10.3390/en13215795
Received: 30 September 2020 / Revised: 30 October 2020 / Accepted: 3 November 2020 / Published: 5 November 2020
The main principles of the smart city concept rely on modern, environmentally friendly technologies. One manifestation of the smart city concept is investments in renewable energy sources (RES), which are currently a popular direction in urban transformation. It makes sense, therefore, to analyse how Polish cities are coping with this challenge and whether they are including the implementation of RES facilities in their development strategies. The aim of the article is to analyze and assess the level at which renewable energy facilities are being implemented or developed in the urban space of cities in Poland as a pillar of the implementation of the smart city concept. This goal is realized on two levels: the theoretical (analysis of strategic documents) and the practical (analysis of the capacity of RES installations, questionnaire studies). The study shows that renewable energy installations are an important part of the development strategies of Polish cities, and especially of those that aspire to be termed “smart cities”. Moreover, it is shown that the predominant RES facilities are those based on solar energy. View Full-Text
Keywords: smart city; renewable energy; distributed generation; urban policy; Poland smart city; renewable energy; distributed generation; urban policy; Poland
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lewandowska, A.; Chodkowska-Miszczuk, J.; Rogatka, K.; Starczewski, T. Smart Energy in a Smart City: Utopia or Reality? Evidence from Poland. Energies 2020, 13, 5795. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13215795

AMA Style

Lewandowska A, Chodkowska-Miszczuk J, Rogatka K, Starczewski T. Smart Energy in a Smart City: Utopia or Reality? Evidence from Poland. Energies. 2020; 13(21):5795. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13215795

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lewandowska, Aleksandra, Justyna Chodkowska-Miszczuk, Krzysztof Rogatka, and Tomasz Starczewski. 2020. "Smart Energy in a Smart City: Utopia or Reality? Evidence from Poland" Energies 13, no. 21: 5795. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13215795

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