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Article

Implementation Framework for Energy Flexibility Technologies in Alkmaar and Évora

1
TNO—Netherlands Organization of Applied Scientific Research, NL-2595 DA, 96800 The Hague, The Netherlands
2
UNINOVA—Instituto Desenvolvimento de Novas Tecnologias, Faculdade De Ciências E Tecnologia, 2829-517 Caparica, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2020, 13(21), 5811; https://doi.org/10.3390/en13215811
Received: 30 September 2020 / Revised: 30 October 2020 / Accepted: 4 November 2020 / Published: 6 November 2020
As energy generation based on renewable resources does not always match energy consumption profiles, Positive Energy Districts (PEDs) should embody energy flexibility technologies to decrease possible negative impacts on existing grids due to, e.g., reverse power flows. As part of the EU H2020 Smart Cities and Communities project POCITYF, the cities Alkmaar (NL) and Évora (PT) aim to support the deployment and market uptake of such districts and in doing so demonstrate innovative and integrated technologies to enable flexibility in the energy system. This paper addresses implementation conditions for energy flexibility technologies that help cities to engender the expected impact and ensure replication of these technologies to other sites. It aims to guide both urban planners and technology solution providers through pitfalls and opportunities that can appear during the design and implementation of PEDs. Taking this into consideration, the RUGGEDISED innovation and implementation framework for smart city technology was taken as a starting point to describe and analyze the experiences in Alkmaar and Évora. View Full-Text
Keywords: governance; energy flexibility; positive energy districts; sustainable energy; smart city deployment governance; energy flexibility; positive energy districts; sustainable energy; smart city deployment
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MDPI and ACS Style

Maas, N.; Georgiadou, V.; Roelofs, S.; Lopes, R.A.; Pronto, A.; Martins, J. Implementation Framework for Energy Flexibility Technologies in Alkmaar and Évora. Energies 2020, 13, 5811. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13215811

AMA Style

Maas N, Georgiadou V, Roelofs S, Lopes RA, Pronto A, Martins J. Implementation Framework for Energy Flexibility Technologies in Alkmaar and Évora. Energies. 2020; 13(21):5811. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13215811

Chicago/Turabian Style

Maas, Nienke, Vasiliki Georgiadou, Stephanie Roelofs, Rui A. Lopes, Anabela Pronto, and João Martins. 2020. "Implementation Framework for Energy Flexibility Technologies in Alkmaar and Évora" Energies 13, no. 21: 5811. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13215811

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