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Open AccessArticle

The Financing of Renewable Energy Sources and the Level of Sustainable Development of Poland’s Provinces in the Area of Environmental Order

1
Faculty of Political Science and Security Studies, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, ul. Stefana Batorego 39L, 87-100 Toruń, Poland
2
Institute of Security and Management, Pomeranian University in Słupsk, ul. Krzysztofa Arciszewskiego 22A, 76-200 Słupsk, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2020, 13(21), 5591; https://doi.org/10.3390/en13215591
Received: 17 September 2020 / Revised: 18 October 2020 / Accepted: 22 October 2020 / Published: 26 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Financial Development and Energy Consumption Nexus)
The overall purpose of this study is to evaluate the impact of financing renewable energy sources on the assessment of sustainable development in Poland’s provinces. There are also two detailed objectives: (1) define how Polish policies are being passed on to local authorities; (2) realize a Poland’s provinces ranking, taking into account the indicators of sustainable development, thanks to the taxonomic measure of development in the area of environmental order. This study deals with the taxonomic assessment of local sustainable development in the local administration units of Poland. To this end, the methods of linear ordering were applied for the assessment of the level of objects differentiation with the use of a closed set of statistical features. The presented analysis proved that the taxonomic distances between synthetic measures for particular provinces are considerable. The highest values of the integrated measure in 2018 were obtained by the following provinces: Podlaskie, Subcarpathian and Lubusz. It is noteworthy to point to the big changes in the ranking between 2018 and 2016. The cluster analysis showed some progress in achieving the goals of sustainable development. The group of provinces with an average level of sustainable development in 2018 included six provinces compared to two provinces in 2016. Removing one indicator from the integrated measure (the financing of renewable energy sources (RES)) led to a moderate increase in the integrated measure across all the provinces. This implies that, on average, the financing of renewable energy sources exerts increasingly smaller impacts on the level of sustainable development in Poland. View Full-Text
Keywords: renewable energy sources; sustainable development; Poland’s provinces renewable energy sources; sustainable development; Poland’s provinces
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MDPI and ACS Style

Siemiątkowski, P.; Tomaszewski, P.; Marszałek-Kawa, J.; Gierszewski, J. The Financing of Renewable Energy Sources and the Level of Sustainable Development of Poland’s Provinces in the Area of Environmental Order. Energies 2020, 13, 5591. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13215591

AMA Style

Siemiątkowski P, Tomaszewski P, Marszałek-Kawa J, Gierszewski J. The Financing of Renewable Energy Sources and the Level of Sustainable Development of Poland’s Provinces in the Area of Environmental Order. Energies. 2020; 13(21):5591. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13215591

Chicago/Turabian Style

Siemiątkowski, Piotr; Tomaszewski, Patryk; Marszałek-Kawa, Joanna; Gierszewski, Janusz. 2020. "The Financing of Renewable Energy Sources and the Level of Sustainable Development of Poland’s Provinces in the Area of Environmental Order" Energies 13, no. 21: 5591. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13215591

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