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Open AccessArticle

Modeling Nearly Zero Energy Buildings for Sustainable Development in Rural Areas

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Department of Architecture, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamedan 6517838695, Iran
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Escuela Técnica Superior de Arquitectura, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid-UPM, 28040 Madrid, Spain
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Department of Architecture, Semnan University, Semnan 35131-19111, Iran
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Thuringian Institute of Sustainability and Climate Protection, 07743 Jena, Germany
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Institute of Structural Mechanics, Bauhaus-Universität Weimar, 99423 Weimar, Germany
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Department of Automation, Obuda University, 1300 Budapest, Hungary
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Department of Mathematics, J. Selye University, 94501 Komarno, Slovakia
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2020, 13(10), 2593; https://doi.org/10.3390/en13102593
Received: 28 March 2020 / Revised: 11 May 2020 / Accepted: 18 May 2020 / Published: 20 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Machine Learning Prediction Models in Energy Systems)
The energy performance of buildings and energy-saving measures have been widely investigated in recent years. However, little attention has been paid to buildings located in rural areas. The aim of this study is to assess the energy performance of two-story residential buildings located in the mountainous village of Palangan in Iran and to evaluate the impact of multiple parameters, namely building orientation, window-to-wall ratio (WWR), glazing type, shading devices, and insulation, on its energy performance. To attain a nearly zero energy building design in rural areas, the building is equipped with photovoltaic modules. The proposed building design is then economically evaluated to ensure its viability. The findings indicate that an energy saving of 29% can be achieved compared to conventional buildings, and over 22 MWh of electricity can be produced on an annual basis. The payback period is assessed at 21.7 years. However, energy subsidies are projected to be eliminated in the near future, which in turn may reduce the payback period. View Full-Text
Keywords: nearly zero-energy buildings (NZEB); energy performance; insulation materials; building energy estimation; window-to-wall ratio (WWR); photovoltaic; energy consumption; net zero; solar energy; renewable energy; energy models nearly zero-energy buildings (NZEB); energy performance; insulation materials; building energy estimation; window-to-wall ratio (WWR); photovoltaic; energy consumption; net zero; solar energy; renewable energy; energy models
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Khakian, R.; Karimimoshaver, M.; Aram, F.; Zoroufchi Benis, S.; Mosavi, A.; Varkonyi-Koczy, A.R. Modeling Nearly Zero Energy Buildings for Sustainable Development in Rural Areas. Energies 2020, 13, 2593.

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