Next Article in Journal
Densification and Fuel Properties of Onion Husks
Previous Article in Journal
Research on Fluid Flow and Permeability in Low Porous Rock Sample Using Laboratory and Computational Techniques
Open AccessArticle

Assessing the Performance of the European Natural Gas Network for Selected Supply Disruption Scenarios Using Open-Source Information

1
Future Resilient Systems (FRS), Singapore-ETH Centre (SEC), Singapore 138602, Singapore
2
Laboratory for Energy Systems Analysis (LEA), Paul Scherrer Institut (PSI), 5232 Villigen, Switzerland
3
Institute of Structural Engineering, Department of Civil, Environmental and Geomatic Engineering, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) Zürich, 8093 Zurich, Switzerland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2019, 12(24), 4685; https://doi.org/10.3390/en12244685
Received: 28 October 2019 / Revised: 17 November 2019 / Accepted: 6 December 2019 / Published: 9 December 2019
Natural gas covers more than 20% of Europe’s primary energy demand. A potential disruption could lead to supply shortages with severe consequences for the European economy and society. History shows that such a vast and complex network system is prone to exogenous and endogenous disruptions. A dedicated large-scale dataset of the European natural gas network from publicly available information sources is assembled first. The spatial coverage, completeness and resolution allows analyzing the behavior of this geospatial infrastructure network (including consumption) and its components under likely disruptive events, such as earthquakes, and/or technical failures. Using the developed system state simulation engine, the disruption impact is mapped. The results show that storage facilities cannot in all cases compensate for a pipeline disruption. Moreover, critical pipelines, such as the Transitgas pipeline crossing the Alps and the Trans-Mediterranean pipeline bringing natural gas from Northern Africa, are identified. To analyze the pipelines with high impact on the system performance, a detailed scenario analysis using a Monte Carlo simulation resulting in supply grade mapping is conducted and presented for the case of Italy. Overall, it can be concluded that locations with a dead-end, sole supply, and without storage facility nearby, are remarkably exposed to natural gas supply losses. View Full-Text
Keywords: natural gas network; loss of supply; seismic hazard; pipeline accident; disruption assessment natural gas network; loss of supply; seismic hazard; pipeline accident; disruption assessment
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Lustenberger, P.; Schumacher, F.; Spada, M.; Burgherr, P.; Stojadinovic, B. Assessing the Performance of the European Natural Gas Network for Selected Supply Disruption Scenarios Using Open-Source Information. Energies 2019, 12, 4685.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop