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Open AccessArticle

Optimal Design of a Diesel-PV-Wind-Battery-Hydro Pumped POWER system with the Integration of ELECTRIC vehicles in a Colombian Community

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Departmento de Ingeniería Eléctrica y Automática, Facultad de Minas, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Medellín 050041, Colombia
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Facultad de Ingeniería, Institución Universitaria Pascual Bravo, Medellín 050041, Colombia
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Department of Electrical Engineering, Eindhoven University of Technology, P.O. Box 513-5600 MB Eindhoven, The Netherlands
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2019, 12(23), 4542; https://doi.org/10.3390/en12234542
Received: 19 October 2019 / Revised: 7 November 2019 / Accepted: 11 November 2019 / Published: 28 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Smart Grids and Microgrids)
This article proposes a novel design methodology for hybrid isolated microgrids, integrating electric vehicles (EV) as additional loads and also as additional storage systems in the microgrid design stage. The proposed method highlights the application of electric vehicles in rural environments. Two types of electric vehicles were considered: (1) EV that only operate in charging mode; and (2) EV that can interchange power with the microgrid (V2G). For both EV types, a dispatch strategy was developed to optimize the use of the system resources during the charging process. As an application example of the proposed design methodology, a hybrid microgrid was designed for the rural Colombian village of Unguía. The results show the advantages of the inclusion of EV as ancillary services providers for the system and also as public transportation agents. View Full-Text
Keywords: optimization; microgrids; electric vehicles (EV); hybrid energy systems; energy storage; renewable energy systems optimization; microgrids; electric vehicles (EV); hybrid energy systems; energy storage; renewable energy systems
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ruiz, S.; Patiño, J.; Marquez-Ruiz, A.; Espinosa, J.; Duque, E.; Ortiz, P. Optimal Design of a Diesel-PV-Wind-Battery-Hydro Pumped POWER system with the Integration of ELECTRIC vehicles in a Colombian Community. Energies 2019, 12, 4542.

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