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Open AccessArticle

CO2 Efficiency Break Points for Processes Associated to Wood and Coal Transport and Heating

Institute of Administrative and Social Sciences, Faculty of Economics and Administration, University of Pardubice, Studentská 84, 532 10 Pardubice, Czech Republic
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Energies 2019, 12(20), 3864; https://doi.org/10.3390/en12203864
Received: 27 May 2019 / Revised: 1 October 2019 / Accepted: 8 October 2019 / Published: 12 October 2019
This paper aims to deal with CO2 emissions in energy production process in an original way, based on calculations of total specific CO2 emissions, depending on the type of fuel and the transport distance. This paper has ambition to set a break point from where it is not worthwhile to use wood as an energy carrier as the alternative to coal. The reason for our study is the social urgency of selected problem. For example, in the area of public sector decision-making, wood heating is promoted regardless of the availability within the reasonable distance. From the current state of the research, it is also clear that none of the studies compare coal and biomass fuel transportation from the point of view of CO2 production. For this purpose, an original methodology has been proposed. It is based on a modified life cycle assessment (LCA), supplemented with a system of equations. The proposed methodology has a generalizable nature, and therefore, it can be applied to different regions. However, calculation inputs and modelling are based on specific site data. Based on the presented numerical analysis, the key finding is the break point for associated processes at a distance of 1779.64 km, since when that it is better to burn brown coal than wood in terms of total CO2 emissions. We can conclude that, in some cases, it is more efficient to use coal instead of wood as fuel in terms of CO2 emissions, particularly in regard to transport distance and type of transport. View Full-Text
Keywords: biomass; efficiency; heating system; renewable energy; decision making process; transport; LCA; break point biomass; efficiency; heating system; renewable energy; decision making process; transport; LCA; break point
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Baťa, R.; Fuka, J.; Lešáková, P.; Heckenbergerová, J. CO2 Efficiency Break Points for Processes Associated to Wood and Coal Transport and Heating. Energies 2019, 12, 3864.

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